COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Czech Republic/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

State statistics on culture are the responsibility of the state budgetary organisation NIPOS, which tracks data through a register of information units, for instance, for theatre, musical ensembles, observatories, planetariums, libraries, cultural houses, heritage objects, museums and galleries, the periodical and non-periodical press, etc. Below is an overview of some of the indicators that are monitored and their trends over time.

Figures from the Czech Statistical Office and the Culture Account of the Czech Republic (for 2013) indicate that the culture sector accounts for around 2% of the Czech economy. Out of total public budget expenditure 2.16% goes to culture and 3.2% of total household expenditure goes to culture. The number of employees in the culture sector is just under 2% of the total number of employees in the economy. Household expenditures on culture went mostly to the media and the press (television, radio, cinema, books), which account for almost 72% of expenditure. Households spent much less of their resources on purchasing cultural goods, admission tickets, and so forth.

Culture accounts for 1.37% of total GDP.

Table 14:  Data on cultural subjects and the number of visitors, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013 and 2014 (public and private institutions together)

 

2008

2010

2012

2013

2014

Libraries

Number of libraries

5 438

5 415

5 401

5 381

5 360

Number of registered readers (in thousands)

1 447 

1 431

1 450

1 430

1 436

per 1 000 inhabitants

139

136

137.5

136.1

136.5

Number of loans (in thousands)

66 744 

66 773

66 259

64 208

62 614

per 1 000 inhabitants

6 399

6 349

6 305

6 109

5 950

Museums

Number of museums

491

477

502

504

509

Number of exhibitions

5 656

5 675

6 014

6 056

6 199

Number of visitors (in thous.)

9 586 

9 308

9 577

10 458

11 651

per 1 000 inhabitants

919

884

911

995

1 107

Monuments

Number of castles, palaces, and other monuments with admission fees

277

284

295

288

308

Number of visitors (in thous.)

11 681 

11 325

11 627

9 884

11 992

per 1 000 inhabitants

11 681

11 325

1 106

1 319

1 139

Theatres

Number of theatres (permanent companies)

133

151

153

142

152

Capacity (number of seats)

37 322

36 648

36 124

36 124

40 469

per 1 000 inhabitants

4

3.5

3.54

3.4

3.9

Number of visitors (in thous.)

5 606 

5 805

5 699

5 671

6 108

per 1 000 inhabitants

538

552

542

540

580

Source:    Material from statistic research of NIPOS.

Table 15:  Number of visitors to cultural institutions established by state administration and municipal authorities - 1995, 2004, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014

 

1995

2004

2008

2011

2012

2013

2014

Historical monuments

5 935 301

8 839 276

8 637 746

7 100 495

7 066 671

7 447 109

8 387 161

Public libraries

14 364 000

20 615 000

20 913 000

24 025 000

24 298 000

24 142 000

24 053 000

Museums

7 405 523

7 108 714

7 452 305

7 904 175

7 532 358

8 360 392

9 365 438

Theatres

4 305 492

3 848 668

3 674 148

3 527 917

3 440 922

3 417 621

3 446 579

Total visitors

32 010 316

40 411 658

40 677 199

42 557 587

42 337 951

43 367 122

45 252 178

Source:    Using material from statistic research by NIPOS.

Table 16:  Number of visitors to cultural institutions established by business entities (in the field of theatre the data are from 2004)

 

1995

2004

2008

2010

2011

2012

2014

Historical monuments

507 890

1 095 167

1 309 345

2 723 129

2 884 030

2 586 835

1 085 920

Theatres and theatre groups

-

1 110 750

1 526 530

1 570 307

1 588 383

1 584 300

1 529 627

Museums

335 413

743 321

946 576

1 041 055

1 047 405

1 008 570

1 153 075

Total numbers of visitors

843 303

2 949 235

3 782 451

5 334 491

5 179 705

3 737 303

3 768 622

Source:    From statistical research of NIPOS.

Currently local authorities are very active in conducting surveys of cultural activities and participation in culture. They use the information obtained from the surveys to develop local cultural policies.

There are also surveys that are conducted on the national and international levels.

As part of a national project called “Keys for Life”, in 2012 a study titled “Children in the Ring of Today’s World – Value Orientations of Children Aged 6 to 15” was published. The study looks at four areas of children’s lives: family, school, leisure time, and values. It points to current trends in how children spend their leisure time, including interest in arts activities in relation to age and gender.

In November 2013 the results of the special Eurobarometer 399 on access to culture and active participation in culture were published. They indicate both passive participation in culture (recipients of culture) and active participation in culture (individual activities in the arts). The study was conducted in all EU Member States on representative samples of citizens aged 15 and older. The summary report compares the findings with a similar study conducted in 2007. The data for the Czech Republic represent a rare source of information that provides a basic picture of the behaviour of the target group.


Chapter published: 28-01-2016

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