5.1.4 Social security frameworks
Artists who are employed are entitled to social security like every other employee. This means that they pay health and social insurance (e.g. maternity benefits are consequently paid from social insurance) as well as pension insurance. In the case of unemployment, the unemployment benefits are paid to the person from insurance contributions.
Artists, authors or self-employed persons who receive a wage must pay health and social insurance from a fixed amount of income. Social insurance is divided into two payments: sickness and pension insurance. Sickness insurance is voluntary and the artist may pay for it, but it is not compulsory. Those without sickness insurance are not entitled to receive sickness benefits and maternity benefits. Since 1 January 2009, all artists must pay pension insurance because each job they do is considered to be part of continuous employment, according to an amendment to the Act on Pension Insurance. Up to the end of 2008 artists did not have to pay pension insurance as they claimed that they were not engaged in continuous employment. Royalties for contributions to newspapers, radio and television are exempted as long as monthly income does not exceed a certain limit defined in the Act on Income Tax. When an artist is unemployed, the unemployment benefit is paid from the contribution to state unemployment policy. All citizens including artists pay the contribution to state unemployment policy in their pension insurance.
Act No. 592/1992 Coll. on premiums for health insurance states in detail the amount of the insurance rate (assessment base, determination period, payments for employees, for self-employed people); Act No. 589/1992 Coll. on social security contributions and contribution to the state employment policy regulates the contribution to pension and sickness insurance and the contribution to the state employment policy; Act No. 187/2006 Coll. on Sickness Insurance regulates the system of sickness insurance and Act No. 155/1995 Coll. on Pension Insurance regulates new duties for artists – authors.
See also comparative information provided in the Compendium "Themes!" section under "Status of Artists".