New data shows that wages in the arts and cultural sector are lower, while cultural industry wages are higher than average.
4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector
In 2007 the Arts and Theatre Institute, in cooperation with EUPC s. r. o. and ProCulture/Otevøenou spoleèností o. p. s., operating under commission from the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the CR, drew up the first ever study on the "Input Analysis of Contemporary Relations in the Labour Market within the Cultural Sector and the Definition of Default Assumptions for Strategic Planning of Employment in this Sector" on behalf of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs in 2007. The cultural sector areas included in this study are: art, literary culture and libraries, cultural heritage, protection of movable cultural heritage, museums and galleries, media and cinematography, churches and religious organisations, copyright, i.e. the areas covered by the work of the Ministry of Culture (MC). Despite such a narrow definition of the field of culture, the study proves the importance of this sector to the labour market. Culture at that time employed 3.3% of workers in the Czech labour market, i.e. about 85 500 people, and the volume of production of the culture sector represented 1.6% of total production in the Czech Republic (CR) in 2005 or almost 120 billion CZK. The aim of the study was the elaboration of a sector analysis focused on the labour market to identify the requirements of the work force in the medium term to 2013. The study will also influence plans for use of the European Social Fund in 2007-2013 in relation to structural requirements and in the context of economics.Contractual documents and the final report of the project are available at the website of the European Social Fund (http://www.esfcr.cz/clanek.php?lg=1&id=5015).
The Culture Account of the CR, (Results for 2011, NIPOS, Prague 2013: http://www.nipos-mk.cz/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/Výsledky-účtu-kultury-ČR-za-rok-2011.pdf) which is jointly maintained by NIPOS and the Czech Statistical Office, and which published results for the first time in 2011 for the year 2009, also publishes data on employment and wages. According to the most recently published results for 2011 there were 82 000 people employed in the sector of culture and almost 11 000 volunteers. On top of these figures, it is possible to count several thousand more people who work in the sector on the basis of a work agreement, part time, or are self-employed.
The average wage earned in the culture sector in 2011 was 24 704 CZK a month, but in the branches of traditional arts it was only 17 635 CZK, in the cultural industries 26 801 CZK, and in creative industries it was 33 489 CZK (41.7% higher than the national average wage, which was in 2011 23 627 CZK). The average wage earned in the culture sector and each branch is based on statistics in the frame of the Culture Account of the CR.
In cultural institutions, in particular those that are not budgetary or semi-budgetary organisations, other forms of remuneration for work based on copyright and mandate contracts or a licence to conduct a trade are also significant.
From the perspective of productivity calculated as GVA per employee, cultural industries rank first (1 440 000 CZK), followed by creative industries (1 044 000 CZK) and the traditional arts (621 000 CZK).