COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Czech Republic/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

In the State Cultural Policy for 2015-2020 culture is defined as follows:

"Culture is an important factor in the life of civil society that fundamentally contributes to its integration as a whole.

It contributes to the intellectual, emotional, and moral development of every citizen and in this respect serves an educational (edifying) function.

Culture links the Czech Republic to the outside world and at the same time distinguishes it from it; culture characterises the country in relation to other states.

It is one of the pre-requisites for the competitiveness of society.

Culture is an important sector of the economy. Although it consumes resources from the state budget and the budgets of regional administrative authorities, the example of established cultural and creative industries abroad is proof that they make direct socio-economic contributions by creating new markets and jobs and generating tax revenue.

Culture fulfils an important social function. It helps citizens to self-identify as free individuals and helps free individuals to identify with the community they live in and with their region and the state. This role culture plays is highly motivating. Participating in cultural activities is a meaningful way of using one’s leisure time and plays an important preventive role against socio-pathological phenomena such as drug use, gambling, and criminality that youth in particular are at risk of emgaging with.

Culture generally also contributes to equality of men and women and to a better understanding between citizens of different ethnic backgrounds and is an important tool for combating xenophobia and racism. In an international context it is an important element in intercultural dialogue.

Participation in cultural life helps disadvantaged citizens to become integrated into society not just in terms of health but also socially and to some degree helps them to overcome their disadvantage, and similarly such participation can also help victims of violence."

Act No. 203/2006 Coll. on Certain Kinds of Cultural Support and the Amendment of Related Regulations defines the term "public cultural services" as services of artistic activity and cultural heritage accessible to the public and the obtaining, processing, protection, preservation and accessibility of information serving to satisfy the cultural, cultural-educational or educational needs of the public.

The most recent Programme Declaration issued by the Government of the Czech Republic dated 12 February 2014 refers to culture as a public service (see chapter 2.3; http://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/dulezite-dokumenty/programove_prohlaseni_unor_2014.pdf


Chapter published: 28-01-2016

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