COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Bruno Favel

Since January 2010, Bruno Favel is Head of the Department of European and International Affairs at the Directorate General of Heritage (DGP) of the French Ministry of Culture and Communication. He is also Secretary General of the France-UNESCO Convention.

Bruno Favel is a graduate of the Institute of Political Studies, specialised in geopolitics, is Chevalier of Arts and Letters, Chevalier of the National Order of Merit and holds the Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Cambodia Muni Sarapon. During his career, he was successively: Head of mission for the Regional Directorates of Cultural Affairs (DRAC) and the national service work, Department of Organisation and Information Systems of the Ministry of Culture and Communication. He is special adviser for Asia, the Pacific, the Council of Europe and UNESCO within the Department of European and International Affairs of the Ministry of Culture and Communication. He has been director of the French Cultural Institute in Salzburg and Upper Austria for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and was head of the Mission of European and International Affairs of the Architecture and Heritage Department (DAPA) of the Ministry of Culture and Communication.

He coordinates the European and international policy in four areas: museums, heritage, architecture and archives in connection with international and European organisations as well as all national and international partners. He has been a member of the International Committee of the Silk Roads (UNESCO), Chairman of the New Technologies Committee of the Council of Europe from 1995 to 1997, Chairman of the Committee Director of Heritage and Landscape (CDPATEP) of the Council of Europe from 2008 to 2010 and is since May 2014 Chairman of the Steering Committee for Heritage and Landscape of the Council of Europe.

"What role plays culture in our democratic societies nowadays?"

Culture can be seen today as the fourth pillar of sustainable development. Culture, in the Council of Europe, is governed by the European Cultural Convention, which was signed in 1954, 5 years after the creation of the Council of Europe, and since ratified by 50 European states. This normative base is reflected in practice by many actions and programmes in the areas of Culture, Heritage and Landscape. These initiatives, undertaken in an intergovernmental framework of exchange and dialogue make the Council of Europe a unique gathering place for cultural, ethical and professional values in the cultural field in a wider context.

The Council of Europe also has the distinction of collecting, in addition to European countries in their diversity, observers: non-European countries (Japan, Canada, USA, Mexico, Israel), but also and especially representatives concerned and non-governmental organizations in the areas of heritage, landscape and culture. This confrontation of ideas and viewpoints enables innovative and constructive exchanges in sectors as different as complementary.

Finally, culture is primarily a tool for reconciliation between populations.This tool facilitated reconciliation between Western and Eastern Europe. In the context of heritage destruction actions that multiply in different regions of the world, I hope that through culture we can remedy this situation by continuing to work on a European culture of peace based on European identity, the promotion of respect for each others and their culture, the understanding of the differences on which our societies are built nowadays and especially European society and thus, through culture, to accept the "other".