5.3.6 Film, video and photography
The Law on Audiovisual Activities (adopted in 2007, amended in 2011) regulates the performing, organising and funding of audiovisual activities as fundamental components of contemporary culture. It establishes a public institution - Croatian Audiovisual Centre (HAVC) – which isresponsible for the production, financing, promotion and distribution of audiovisual activities. The Law also introduced a new system for financing audiovisual activities, where funds are secured from the state budget as well as from annual gross income gained from the performing of audiovisual activities by Croatian TV, television broadcasters at the national and regional level, as well as cable service providers and operators in fixed and mobile telecommunication networks and Internet service providers (see also chapter 4.3). The 2011 amendments were specifically designed to introduce financial incentives in the form of a 20% cash rebate for production costs incurred in Croatia for feature films, documentaries, animation and TV drama. These amendments marked a first step towards realisation of strategic goals outlined in the four-year National Strategic Programme for the Audiovisual Industry (2010-2014), devised by the Croatian Audiovisual Centre and approved by the Ministry of Culture in October 2010. In October 2012, the representatives of HAVC presented the results of the first two years of the implementation of the Strategic Programme, and outlined the positive changes in four of five strategic goals – positive changes in audiovisual legislation, increased number of produced films, increased number of viewers of Croatian films, and an increase in digitalisation. As a part of the Programme, in 2013 the project of the digitalisation of 28 independent cinemas and 6 film festivals which started in 2011 was successfully completed.
In 2012 HAVC distributed financial support for different types of programmes in feature, documentary, animation films and complementary activities in the amount of 7 897 653 EUR. Following the 2011 Law, the new Book of Regulations was put into force in 2012 introducing the Film Production Incentive Programme for investment in audio-visual production in Croatia. This Cash Rebate Programme is available to international and local filmmakers in the form of a cash rebate of up to 20% of production costs incurred in Croatia; for 2012/2013 the reserved funding for encouragement of these investments amounts to approx. 2.6 million EUR.
Croatia has signed a Memorandum on the MEDIA 2007 programme (2007-2013) which was ratified in March 2008 by the Croatian Parliament. A Media Desk has been set-up within the Croatian Audiovisual Centre (see chapter 3.4.3).
Croatia is a member of Eurimages since 2003, is a signatory of the signatory on European Convention on Cinematographic Co-production (2004) and is a signatory of the European Convention for the Protection of Audiovisual Heritage (2007). Since 2012, the Croatian Audiovisual Centre is a partner on a three-year long project "Balkans Memory" on the protection and promotion of audio-visual heritage in the Western Balkans that is coordinated by the INA - Institut national de l'audiovisuel, with co-partners the Albanian national film archives and COPEAM - Conférence permanente de l'audiovisuel méditerranéen.