3.4.3 European / international actors and programmes
Since its independence, Croatia has been a member of the Council of Europe, and has participated in its numerous activities and projects.
The country became a full member of the EU in July 2013.
EU pre-accession instruments of financial assistance (IPA; CARDS and PHARE) were and are used for projects with a cultural component and carried out by local organisations. These projects were primarily oriented towards cultural heritage and cultural tourism (such as CRAFTATTRACT, Tourist Cultural Centre-TCIC, Pannonian palette, etc.).
In June 2007, the Memorandum of Understanding with European Communities was signed, which made Croatia a full member of the EU Culture 2007-2013 programme. The Ministry of Culture published by-laws, introducing rules for co-financing of Croatian participants in the Culture 2007-2013 programme (last amendments in July 2011), with the aim to stimulate applications in the first period of the Croatian participation in the Programme. In addition, the Cultural Contact Point (CCP) Department (now Service) has been established and hosted by the Ministry of Culture. In 2009 Croatia drew 1.71 times more funding than membership paid; 25 Croatian projects were co-financed through the Culture programme (visual arts, exhibitions, dance and theatre performances, festivals, design, heritage preservation, etc), and works of 18 Croatian authors were translated to 9 languages. In 2010 this amount increased substantially - Croatia drew more than 6 times the membership paid, and this trend remained in 2011. According to the partial data from the Ministry of Culture in 2012 Croatia drew 1 193 409 EUR funding from the Culture Programme, and until September 2013 this funding amounted to 612 058 EUR.
In 2008, the Memorandum of Understanding with European Communities on the Croatian participation in the MEDIA 2007 Programme has been signed and Croatia has established a Media Desk within the Croatian Audiovisual Centre (see chapter 3.2). A number of projects and cultural organisations (e.g. Motovun film festival, Animafest, ZagrebDOX, Živa d.o.o., Studio dim d.o.o. etc.), have received funding through the MEDIA programme. Croatia was also very successful in the MEDIA 2007 programme, as it drew 5.31 times more funding than membership paid for the Call in 2010/2011. According to the data provided by MEDIA Desk Croatia, for the period 2012/2013, Croatian organisations drew 867 362 EUR, amounting to 6.33 more than membership paid. Therefore, from 15 September 2008 until 31 December 2012 Croatian organisations drew 2 389 157 EUR in total.
Croatia is an active member of UNESCO and participates in a number of projects initiated and supported by this organisation. The Croatian Parliament was the first European parliament to ratify the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions on 12 May 2006 (NN-MU 5/2006) and the instrument of ratification was submitted to UNESCO on 31 August 2006. The Ministry of Culture is responsible for implementing and monitoring of the Convention, together with the National Commission for UNESCO. In accordance with the international agreement signed between UNESCO and the Republic of Croatia, the International Centre for Underwater Archaeology was founded in Zadar in 2007 with the aim to enhance cooperation in preservation and promotion of the underwater cultural heritage of Croatia, South East Europe and the Mediterranean.
The Ministry of Culture actively participates in the work of the International Network for Cultural Policies (INCP), International Federation of Arts Councils and Agencies (IFACCA), and Forum of Slavic Cultures.