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Quick Facts - Romania


Capital: Bucharest
Political system: Unitary Semi-presidential republic
Year of membership to the Council of Europe: 7 October 1993
Population: 21 355 849 (2012)     
Population density: 93.2 inhabitants/km²
Official language(s): Romanian
Non-nationals of total population: 0.2 % (2009)

Funding (2010)

Culture as share of total central government spending: 2.10 %     
Government expenditure on culture: 885 131 974 Euro     
Government expenditure on culture per capita: 41.00 Euro     
Share of spending on culture by central government: 18.87 %     

Employment (2009)

Share of cultural workers in total employment: 0.75 %     
Share of self-empoyed in cultural employment: 7.80 %
Share of self-empoyed in total employment: 32.78 %

Markets (2012)

CUPIX: Cultural goods: 83 %     
CUPIX: Public cultural services: 21 %     
Annual exp. per capita for recreation and culture: 300 USD (30 %     )

Participation

Cinema admissions per capita/year: 0.3 times (2010)     
Internet penetration rate: 45.2 % (2012)     

Ratification of Key Cultural Conventions

European Cultural Convention (1955): 19/12/1991  
European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (1992): Entered into force 1/5/2008  
European Convention for the Protection of the Audiovisual Heritage (2001): Signed 30/5/2002.  Not yet ratified.
UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005): Acceded on 20/07/2006

Quick Links

European Programmes

 

              Council of Europe/ERICarts, "Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 15th edition", 2014 | ISSN 2222-7334