COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Social Security Laws and Measures to Support Self-Employed Artists

For more information see the individual country profiles:

Chapters 5.1.4 "Social Security Frameworks" 
 

Country

Social Security Laws / Comprehensive Public Schemes

Tax Measures

Unemployment
Assistance

Pension
Supplements

Income Tax
Deductions

Income
Averaging

Albania

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

Yes

Armenia

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

Yes

Austria

Law on Social Security for Artists (2001)

Yes

Yes

Yes *

Yes

Azerbaijan

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

Yes

Yes

Belgium

July 2003 new measures to improve the social security system for artists were passed.

No

No

Yes

Yes

Bulgaria

Ordinance on Social Security of Persons who Practice a Liberal Profession and of the Bulgarian Citizens Working Abroad (2000)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Canada

Status of the Artist Act (1995)

Yes

No

No

Yes

Croatia

Rights of Self-Employed Artists and Promotion of Cultural and Artistic Work (1996, amended 2000)

Yes

No

No

Yes

Denmark

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Estonia

Act on Creative Artists and Creative Artists' Unions (2004)

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Finland

Act on the Pensions of Artists and Some Particular Groups of Short -Time Workers (1985, basically not for self-employed artists, who are expected to start working as entrepreneurs and register for the respective pension scheme).

Yes

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

France

Social Security Scheme for Self-Employed Artists (1977)

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Georgia

Law on Art Workers and Art Unions, Article 8, paragraph 2

No

No

No

Yes

Germany

Artists' Social Insurance Act (1981)

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Greece

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

No

No

Yes

Holy See

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

Yes

Yes

Hungary

The EKHO law (Act CXX/1995).

Yes

No

No

Yes

Ireland

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

No

Yes

No

Italy

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Latvia

In 2004 a Law was adopted on "Long-service pensions for performing artists employed by state and local government professional orchestras, choirs, concert organizations, circuses and theatres".

Yes****

No

No

No

Liechtenstein

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Lithuania

The Law on the Status of Art Creators and their Organizations (2004)

No

No

No

Yes

FYR of

Macedonia

Law on Culture (1998)

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Malta

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Moldova

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Monaco

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Netherlands

Artists Income Scheme Act (1998)

No

Yes

Yes

No

Norway

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

Yes

No

Poland

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

No

No

Yes

Portugal

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Romania

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Russia

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

San Marino

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

No

Serbia

Law on the Rights of Self-employed Artists (1993, amended 1998).

Yes

No

No

Yes

Slovakia

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes*****

Yes

No

No

Slovenia

There are some specific measures for self-employed artists.

Yes

No

No

Yes

Spain

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

Yes

No

No

Sweden

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Switzerland

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

Yes

No

Ukraine

No law for self-employed artists.

No

No

No

Yes

UK

No law for self-employed artists.

Yes

Yes

No

No

Source:      Council of Europe/ERICarts, Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 12th edition, 2011.
*                Voluntary for freelance and self-employed persons in Austria; since 2008 the artists social insurance contains also health and accidents.
**               But self-employed artists or grant receivers have had problems in proving their unemployment status.
***              There is an extraordinary pension system for artists and journalists; the pension is given selectively and must be applied.
****             The income tax excludes expenses that are connected with the creation and publication of art works if the author receives payment for his work.
*****            Flat expenses 40% of income (copyright royalties).