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Bulgaria/ 8.3 Arts and cultural education  

8.3.1 Institutional overview

The responsibility for arts education is shared between two ministries - the Ministry of Culture, which is responsible for specialised arts secondary schools, and the Ministry of Science and Education, which is responsible for the schools of general education and their programmes in different arts sectors, as well as for higher level arts education.

Two types of arts education programmes are offered in Bulgaria: comprehensive arts education, which covers arts courses from grades 1 to 12 in all schools, and specialised arts education. The main orientation of comprehensive arts education programmes throughout the past several decades was towards the classical forms of arts. A contemporary concept of education in the arts and culture may begin to include avant-garde arts, cultural heritage, design, culture of the urban environment, photography and, audio-visual arts in the overall curriculum. To a great extent, this concept has been enacted. There is an introductory course on contemporary art forms provided in the compulsory programmes of fine arts and music for 8 and 9 grades in the secondary general education schools.

Specialised arts education offers continuous training in the arts at high-school (grades 8 to 12) and university levels. Students from specialised arts schools and university students of music and fine arts are studying web-design and computer technologies.

Chapter published: 20-01-2011

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