COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
Print this Page
EN DE FR  ||  About Us | Contact | Legal Notice Council of Europe LOGO  ERICarts LOGO
Print this Page
EN DE FR  Council of Europe LOGO  ERICarts LOGO

Bulgaria/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

A sociological survey on "Public Opinion on Cultural Life, the Status of Artists and Cultural Reform" conducted in 1997 found that an insignificant proportion of Bulgaria's population (from 0.3% to 6% depending on the particular art form) participate in the traditional forms of cultural life several times a month. If we add the proportion of those who attend an art event once every few months, we will get a relatively stable group of about 10% to 15% of the population with comparatively active rates of participation in cultural life. Those who never go to the cinema, theatre, opera, concert or art exhibition comprise between 70% and 88% (depending on the particular art form) of the population. The majority (56% of the population) own 100 to 500 books, 6% to 7% are active book collectors, and 74% could not quote the name of the author or title of the last book they bought.

During the last 10 years, the number of young readers in Bulgaria increased by 15%, according to analysis of reading habits carried out in November 2004 by the sociological agency "ASSA-M" and commissioned by the Association "Bulgarian Books" and the National Book Centre under the Ministry of Culture. This study also indicated that 41% of the public do not read and had not purchased a book in the previous three months. Of the reading public, only 41% purchased books from bookshops and the remainder had received their books from friends.

In February 2005 the National Centre for Research on Public Opinion carried out a study on "Cultural attitudes and consumption of cultural products in Bulgaria". The study is representative at national level and it was carried out by the method of semi-standardised interviews. This is the first integral analysis for 15 years which is devoted to national cultural preferences and values, to the frequency, motivation and restraints in the demand for cultural products and services, as well as the role of education in this process. The study demonstrated that the main national leisure pursuit is watching TV - 57.4% of those interviewed. The next preferences are book reading (8%), listening to music (6%), and in this respect young people under 30 years of age are the leading group. Only 1.4% of the population visits the theatre, movies, opera, ballet, or exhibitions on a regular basis.

At the same time, 10.4% expressed an interest in visiting the theatre, concerts, opera, ballet and exhibitions - i.e. the difference between the real and the potential audience is 1:10. The main reasons given by interviewees for not pursuing leisure activities of personal interest to them were financial restrictions - 42%, lack of free time - 16%, and tiredness at the end of the day - 14%. However, when interviewees were asked for the reasons for not attending cultural events, the financial restraints are rated only in third place (14%) i.e. the price of the tickets is not the most important barrier. The reluctance to visit arts events is formed at an earlier stage and is defined by arguments such as "people from my social environment don't visit these places" - 32%, followed by "I feel unprepared for this type of cultural entertainment" - 17%. Therefore, the leading factor in low participation rates is more related to socio-cultural factors, such as family, friends, and the environment.

The role of education at a young age is a determining factor for development of the future consumer-connoisseur. When analysing the data from this study, the researcher Biljana Tomova draws the following conclusion: "The observed reduction in demand for cultural products and services over a period longer than a decade and the more and more restricted access of households to various forms of cultural entertainment is nowadays moving on to a completely new stage - one generation is lost for Bulgarian culture."

There are no surveys monitoring the participation of national minority groups or immigrant groups in cultural life.

Cultural participation in its traditional forms is obviously declining. There are two main reasons for this: economic hardship and a massive swing towards newer and more individualised forms of dissemination of culture: TV, video, cable, satellite. This distinct trend is associated with substantial changes not only in the frequency, but also in the forms, standards, and criteria of cultural participation.

In 2008, the National Statistical Institute carried out empirical research on "Participation of the population aged 25 - 64 in cultural activities and events" with EUROSTAT methodology. The results were published in 2009 and can be viewed in the tables below.

The empirical research encompasses frequenting of live performances, screenings, cultural landmarks, taking pictures, production of film and video recordings, creation of black and white drawings, sculptures and printing, composing poems, prose and short stories, taking part in creation of theater plays,  number of book read and number of book owned by a single household, number of newspapers read, attending amateur companies, practicing different hobbies, membership in associations, specific clubs.

The analysis finds out that of all cultural activities that were monitored reading newspapers is the predominant activity for 89% оf the respondents, as 44.7% оf them practice is daily or in two days time. Reading books is the second cultural activity most preferred for 52% of the Bulgarian respondents, as more than the half of them have read up to 6 books lifetime. 39.9% of the respondents prefer to attend to live performances, as the greatest number of visits amount to 3 visits per year. Next come visits to cultural landmarks chosen by 29.7% of the respondents, followed by attending cinema screenings - 19.1% and taking pictures, production of film and video recordings. The cultural activates which are most popular with the population are the participations in public performances - 3.5%, creation of black and white drawings, sculptures and printing - 3.1%, composing poems, prose and short stories - 1.1%. Briefly - all these activities that require personal commitment. The finding is that the respondents prefer to be consumers of cultural activities but not to be their authors even when the point is the amateur art.

Table 16:   Attendance at live performances, by age, gender, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

1-3 times in the last 12 months

4-6 times in the last 12 months

7-12 times in the last 12 months

More than 12 times in the last 12 months

No visits in the last 12 months

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

1 195 052

27.8

337 263

7.9

109 261

2.5

70 001

1.6

2 583 453

60.1

Male

2 120 002

552 873

26.1

121 127

5.7

42 212

2.0

22 283

1.1

1 381 507

65.2

Female

2 175 027

642 178

29.5

216 136

9.9

67 049

3.1

47 718

2.2

1 201 946

55.3

Age

25-34

1 141 616

366 515

32.1

120 501

10.6

39 886

3.5

23 247

2.0

591 466

51.8

35-54

2 127 408

594 599

27.9

153 512

7.2

51 209

2.4

31 099

1.5

1 296 990

61.0

55-64

1 026 006

233 938

22.8

63 250

6.2

18 166

1.8

15 655

1.5

694 997

67.7

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

177 358

17.1

12 963

1.2

3 244

0.3

1 610

0.2

844 090

81.2

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

636 681

27.9

158 142

6.9

41 150

1.8

23 655

1.0

1 424 670

62.4

Tertiary education

971 466

381 013

39.2

166 159

17.1

64 866

6.7

44 735

4.6

314 693

32.4

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

914 209

31.2

279 354

9.5

93 978

3.2

56 894

1.9

1 585 117

54.1

Unemployed

604 843

117 121

19.4

23 726

3.9

4 798

0.8

4 891

0.8

454 307

75.1

Inactive

760 635

163 722

21.5

34 183

4.5

10 485

1.4

8 215

1.1

544 030

71.5

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

955 272

30.1

308 478

9.7

99 349

3.1

61 418

1.9

1 747 551

55.1

Rural

1 122 962

239 780

21.4

28 786

2.6

9 912

0.9

8 583

0.8

835 902

74.4

1According to the opinion of the interviewees, not by ILO definitions, so people, who do not have a job and do not search for one are self-assessed as unemployed, not as inactive.

Table 17:   Visits to the cinema, by age, gender, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

1-3 times in the last 12 months

4-6 times in the last 12 months

7-12 times in the last 12 months

More than 12 times in the last 12 months

No visits in the last 12 months

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

469 844

10.9

165 225

3.8

78 069

1.8

66 377

1.5

3 515 514

81.9

Male

2 120 002

219 811

10.4

88 284

4.2

38 286

1.8

33 163

1.6

1 740 459

82.1

Female

2 175 027

250 034

11.5

76 941

3.5

39 784

1.8

33 214

1.5

1 775 055

81.6

Age

25-34

1 141 616

193 414

16.9

89 313

7.8

45 476

4.0

46 569

4.1

766 844

67.2

35-54

2 127 408

221 236

10.4

62 770

3.0

25 079

1.2

18 549

0.9

1 799 775

84.6

55-64

1 026 006

55 195

5.4

13 142

1.3

7 515

0.7

1 258

0.1

948 895

92.5

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

31 638

3.0

1 508

0.1

2 551

0.2

 -

 -

1 003 569

96.6

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

246 561

10.8

78 621

3.4

30 521

1.3

27 653

1.2

1 900 942

83.2

Tertiary education

971 466

191 645

19.7

85 097

8.8

44 998

4.6

38 723

4.0

611 003

62.9

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

380 804

13.0

136 568

4.7

66 452

2.3

47 629

1.6

2 298 099

78.4

Unemployed

604 843

38 069

6.3

5 646

0.9

5 378

0.9

8 146

1.3

547 605

90.5

Inactive

760 635

50 972

6.7

23 012

3.0

6 239

0.8

10 602

1.4

669 811

88.1

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

413 714

13.0

153 726

4.8

73 815

2.3

64 534

2.0

2 466 278

77.7

Rural

1 122 962

56 130

5.0

11 499

1.0

4 254

0.4

1 843

0.2

1 049 235

93.4

1According to the opinion of the interviewees, not by ILO definitions, so people, who do not have a job and do not search for one are self-assessed as unemployed, not as inactive.

Table 18:   Visits to cultural sites, by age, gender, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

1-3 times in the last 12 months

4-6 times in the last 12 months

7-12 times in the last 12 months

More than 12 times in the last 12 months

No visits in the last 12 months

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

947 486

22.1

207 809

4.8

64 058

1.5

57 842

1.3

3 017 835

70.3

Male

2 120 002

427 668

20.2

88 227

4.2

23 856

1.1

24 232

1.1

1 556 019

73.4

Female

2 175 027

519 818

23.9

119 582

5.5

40 202

1.8

33 609

1.5

1 461 816

67.2

Age

25-34

1 141 616

282 475

24.7

67 079

5.9

19 708

1.7

20 527

1.8

751 826

65.9

35-54

2 127 408

465 610

21.9

109 081

5.1

34 111

1.6

28 450

1.3

1 490 156

70.0

55-64

1 026 006

199 401

19.4

31 649

3.1

10 238

1.0

8 865

0.9

775 853

75.6

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

75 759

7.3

2 375

0.2

 -

 -

2 733

0.3

958 399

92.2

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

510 358

22.3

88 304

3.9

16 952

0.7

18 787

0.8

1 649 897

72.2

Tertiary education

971 466

361 369

37.2

117 130

12.1

47 106

4.8

36 322

3.7

409 539

42.2

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

736 859

25.2

176 445

6.0

54 469

1.9

50 720

1.7

1 911 059

65.2

Unemployed

604 843

66 697

11.0

10 323

1.7

5 213

0.9

1 385

0.2

521 224

86.2

Inactive

760 635

143 930

18.9

21 041

2.8

4 376

0.6

5 736

0.8

585 552

77.0

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

777 338

24.5

188 422

5.9

61 188

1.9

53 027

1.7

2 092 092

66.0

Rural

1 122 962

170 149

15.2

19 387

1.7

2 869

0.3

4 814

0.4

925 743

82.4

1According to the opinion of the interviewees, not by ILO definitions, so people, who do not have a job and do not search for one are self-assessed as unemployed, not as inactive.

Table 19:   Artists taking photographs, making movies, recording videotapes, by age, gender, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

Taking photographs, making movies or recording of videotapes in the last 12 months - Yes

Taking photographs, making movies or recording in the last 12 months of videotapes - No

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

817 393

19.0

3 477 636

81.0

Male

2 120 002

465 354

22.0

1 654 648

78.0

Female

2 175 027

352 039

16.2

1 822 988

83.8

Age

25-34

1 141 616

345 113

30.2

796 502

69.8

35-54

2 127 408

388 528

18.3

1 738 881

81.7

55-64

1 026 006

83 753

8.2

942 253

91.8

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

38 031

3.7

1 001 234

96.3

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

412 668

18.1

1 871 630

81.9

Tertiary education

971 466

366 694

37.7

604 772

62.3

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

703 341

24.0

2 226 211

76.0

Unemployed

604 843

40 028

6.6

564 815

93.4

Inactive

760 635

74 024

9.7

686 611

90.3

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

730 747

23.0

2 441 320

77.0

Rural

1 122 962

86 646

7.7

1 036 316

92.3

 

Table 20:   Visual artists - painting, drawing, sculpture or print-making aged 25-64, by age, gender, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

Painting, drawing, sculpture or printing in the last 12 months - Yes

Painting, drawing, sculpture or printing in the last 12 months of videotapes - No

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

134 845

3.1

4 160 184

96.9

Male

2 120 002

50 826

2.4

2 069 176

97.6

Female

2 175 027

84 019

3.9

2 091 008

96.1

Age

25-34

1 141 616

59 696

5.2

1 081 919

94.8

35-54

2 127 408

58 826

2.8

2 068 582

97.2

55-64

1 026 006

16 322

1.6

1 009 683

98.4

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

2 412

0.2

1 036 854

99.8

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

45 376

2.0

2 238 922

98.0

Tertiary education

971 466

87 057

9.0

884 408

91.0

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

117 821

4.0

2 811 731

96.0

Unemployed

604 843

866

0.1

603 977

99.9

Inactive

760 635

16 159

2.1

744 476

97.9

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

119 926

3.8

3 052 141

96.2

Rural

1 122 962

14 919

1.3

1 108 043

98.7

 

Table 21:   Writers of prose, poems, short stories aged 25-64, by age, gender, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

Writing prose, poems, short stories in the last 12 months - Yes

Writing prose, poems, short stories in the last 12 months - No

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

48 216

1.1

4 246 813

98.9

Male

2 120 002

16 684

0.8

2 103 319

99.2

Female

2 175 027

31 533

1.4

2 143 494

98.6

Age

25-34

1 141 616

15 755

1.4

1 125 860

98.6

35-54

2 127 408

20 337

1.0

2 107 072

99.0

55-64

1 026 006

12 125

1.2

1 013 881

98.8

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

1 440

0.1

1 037 826

99.9

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

16 056

0.7

2 268 242

99.3

Tertiary education

971 466

30 720

3.2

940 746

96.8

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

39 792

1.4

2 889 760

98.6

Unemployed

604 843

3 803

0.6

601 040

99.4

Inactive

760 635

4 621

0.6

756 013

99.4

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

40 948

1.3

3 131 119

98.7

Rural

1 122 962

7 268

0.6

1 115 694

99.4

 

Table 22:   Persons who participated in public performances, by gender, age, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

Personal participation in public performances in the last 12 months - Yes

Personal participation in public performances in the last 12 months - No

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

150 752

3.5

4 144 278

96.5

Male

2 120 002

58 553

2.8

2 061 450

97.2

Female

2 175 027

92 199

4.2

2 082 828

95.8

Age

25-34

1 141 616

42 441

3.7

1 099 175

96.3

35-54

2 127 408

69 330

3.3

2 058 078

96.7

55-64

1 026 006

38 982

3.8

987 024

96.2

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

39 656

3.8

999 610

96.2

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

52 352

2.3

2 231 947

97.7

Tertiary education

971 466

58 745

6.0

912 721

94.0

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

102 288

3.5

2 827 264

96.5

Unemployed

604 843

25 735

4.3

579 108

95.7

Inactive

760 635

22 729

3.0

737 906

97.0

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

115 304

3.6

3 056 764

96.4

Rural

1 122 962

35 448

3.2

1 087 514

96.8

 

Table 23:   Population according to number of books at home, by gender, age, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

0-25 books

26-100 books

More than 100 books

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

1 409 048

32.8

1 395 833

32.5

1 490 148

34.7

Male

2 120 002

744 861

35.1

696 330

32.8

678 811

32.0

Female

2 175 027

664 187

30.5

699 503

32.2

811 337

37.3

Age

25-34

1 141 616

432 798

37.9

352 671

30.9

356 147

31.2

35-54

2 127 408

657 543

30.9

705 811

33.2

764 055

35.9

55-64

1 026 006

318 708

31.1

337 351

32.9

369 946

36.1

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

818 665

78.8

183 763

17.7

36 838

3.5

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

547 717

24.0

988 092

43.3

748 489

32.8

Tertiary education

971 466

42 667

4.4

223 978

23.1

704 822

72.6

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

749 483

25.6

1 010 196

34.5

1 169 873

39.9

Unemployed

604 843

365 712

60.5

145 454

24.0

93 677

15.5

Inactive

760 635

293 853

38.6

240 183

31.6

226 599

29.8

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

774 433

24.4

1 080 659

34.1

1 316 975

41.5

Rural

1 122 962

634 615

56.5

315 174

28.1

173 173

15.4

 

Table 24:   Population reading newspapers, by gender, age, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

Every day or almost every day

At least once a week (but not every day)

At least once a month (but not every week)

Less than once a month

Don't read newspapers

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

1 921 639

44.7

1 558 266

36.3

217 646

5.1

124 835

2.9

472 644

11.0

Male

2 120 002

1 056 527

49.8

714 495

33.7

98 126

4.6

54 805

2.6

196 048

9.2

Female

2 175 027

865 111

39.8

843 771

38.8

119 519

5.5

70 029

3.2

276 596

12.7

Age

25-34

1 141 616

484 887

42.5

413 347

36.2

60 569

5.3

34 599

3.0

148 213

13.0

35-54

2 127 408

989 655

46.5

744 911

35.0

104 723

4.9

61 608

2.9

226 511

10.6

55-64

1 026 006

447 096

43.6

400 008

39.0

52 354

5.1

28 628

2.8

97 920

9.5

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

138 428

13.3

373 982

36.0

108 204

10.4

67 548

6.5

351 103

33.8

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

1 152 379

50.4

904 101

39.6

90 227

3.9

44 996

2.0

92 596

4.1

Tertiary education

971 466

630 832

64.9

280 183

28.8

19 215

2.0

12 291

1.3

28 946

3.0

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

1 552 290

53.0

1 011 943

34.5

119 624

4.1

70 065

2.4

175 629

6.0

Unemployed

604 843

118 366

19.6

230 491

38.1

50 584

8.4

25 500

4.2

179 901

29.7

Inactive

760 635

250 982

33.0

315 832

41.5

47 437

6.2

29 270

3.8

117 115

15.4

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

1 545 310

48.7

1 132 791

35.7

140 636

4.4

74 051

2.3

279 279

8.8

Rural

1 122 962

376 328

33.5

425 475

37.9

77 010

6.9

50 783

4.5

193 366

17.2

 

Table 25:   Population participating in activities of amateur collectives, associations, clubs of interest, aged 25-64 by gender, age, education, labour status and residence, 2007

 

Total

Participated in the last 12 months

Not participated in the last 12 months

Number

Number

%

Number

%

Sex

Total

4 295 030

264 420

6.2

4 030 610

93.8

Male

2 120 002

132 895

6.3

1 987 107

93.7

Female

2 175 027

131 525

6.0

2 043 503

94.0

Age

25-34

1 141 616

84 712

7.4

1 056 903

92.6

35-54

2 127 408

119 332

5.6

2 008 076

94.4

55-64

1 026 006

60 375

5.9

965 631

94.1

Educational attainment

Basic education or below

1 039 266

22 164

2.1

1 017 101

97.9

Upper secondary education

2 284 298

127 727

5.6

2 156 571

94.4

Tertiary education

971 466

114 528

11.8

856 938

88.2

Labour status

Employed

2 929 552

206 053

7.0

2 723 499

93.0

Unemployed

604 843

16 317

2.7

588 526

97.3

Inactive

760 635

42 049

5.5

718 586

94.5

Residence

Urban

3 172 067

201 180

6.3

2 970 888

93.7

Rural

1 122 962

63 240

5.6

1 059 722

94.4

Source:      National Statistical Institute, 2009 http://www.nsi.bg/

Table 26:   Number of theatres, seats and shows, 1998 - 2009

Field / Year

1998

1999

2000

2002

2003

2005

2007

2008

2009

Number of theatres

80

81

75

n.a.

n.a.

75

78

78

80

Seats

29 904

30 500

30 277

n.a.

n.a.

30 105

29 977

28 386

29 904

Shows

11 038

12 500

10 465

n.a.

n.a.

10 776

10 951

10 880

11 038

Visits to theatres

1 611 000

1 600 000

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

1 475 323

1 636 000  

1 679 000

1 611 000

Table 27:   Number of cinemas, screenings, visits and ticket sales, 1998-2009

Field / Year

1998

1999

2000

2003

2006

2007

2008

2009

Number of cinemas
- in towns
- in villages

205

183
22

191

168
23

179

158
21

149

130
19

66

59
7

62

54
8

57

50
7

56

54
2

Number of screenings
- in towns
- in villages


100 074
99 633
441


84 314
84 080
234


103 876
103 488
388


136 422
136 145
277


157 247
157 154
93


140 182
139 971
211


159 765
159 544
221


173 140
172 120
1020

Visits
- in towns
- in villages

3 204 000
3 189 000
15 000

1 923 000
1 909 000
14 000

1 860 484
n.a.
n.a.

3 530 595
3 508 000
2 595

2 580 000
2 578 000
2 000

2 631 000
2 627 000
4 000

2 429 000
2 427 000
2 000

3 041 000
3 029 000
12 000

Ticket sales (million BGL)

10 730.0

8 000

7 327

13 680

9 312

n.a.

13 454

22 852

 

Table 28:   Number of libraries and Chitalishte, 1998-2009

Field / Year

1998

1999

2000

2002

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Number of libraries
- Library stock ('000 items)
- Books

7 483
97 536

78 571

7 283
96 701

77 756

7 091
95 737

76 615

49**
34 677

18 644

50**
35 143

18 902

4 552***
86 582

68 531

48**
34 966

18 562

49***
35 422

18 856

47***
34 987

18 411

47***
35 040

18 395

Average loans per reader
- books


19
16


19
16


18
16


26
19


24
17


n.a.
18


26
18.5


27.8
19.6


27.04
19.24


28.86
20.50

Number of Chitalishte
- in towns
- in villages

3 125

514
2 611

3 056

510
2 546

2 933

508
2 485

3 000

n.a.
n.a.

n.a.

n.a.
n.a.

2 838

539
2 299

n.a.

n.a.
n.a.

2 895

548
2 347

n.a.

n.a

Members (in '000)
- in towns
- in villages

191 000

86 000
105 000

180 000

81 000
99 000

171 000

79 000
92 000

n.a.

n.a.
n.a.

n.a.

n.a.
n.a.

164 000

68 000
96 000

n.a.

n.a.
n.a.

168 000

67 000
101 000

n.a.

n.a

Table 29:   Visitors to museums and galleries, 1998-2009

Field / Year

1998

1999

2000

2002

2005

2007

2008

2009

Visitors (in '000)

5 646

5 053

3 938

3 554.5

3 925.2

4 060

4 631

4 371

- of which to art galleries

1 685

1 503

880

590.6

395.6

458

408

n.a

Table 30:   Film production, television and radio stations, 1998-2009

 

Film production

 

1998

2000

2003

2006

2007

2008

2009

Number of film produced

32

79

86

125

70

91

110

Of which for television

15

62

76

106

59

72

94

Full-length films

6

13

12

23

19

14

14

Short- and medium-length films

26

66

74

102

51

77

72

 

Television stations

Numbers

31

86

98

102

110

119

113

Programmes-hours

206 698

395 369

498 091

599 135

661 872

747 036

694 778

 

Radio stations

Numbers

33

67

89

95

107

114

104

Programmes-hours

354 664

493 376

525 511

591 834

843 365

797 683

726 776

Source:      Statistical Reference book 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009; National Statistical Institute, Bulgaria 2009.
*                 Culture clubs.
**              From 2002 to 2004 and in 2006, the NSI covered libraries only stocking more than 200 000 items.
***            Libraries stocking more than 2 000 items.
Note:         From 2002, the NSI will update data on theatres, cinemas and chitalishte on a five-year basis.

Table 31 and 32 provide data on rates of participation in those areas of cultural life that do not receive notable public subsidies, mainly the fields of book publishing and other printed media.

Table 31:   Published books and brochures, 1998-2009

Year

Titles - Number

Circulation -  thousands

Average circulation per book - thousands

Books and brochures
per person - numbers

1998

4 863

11 873.9

2.4

1.4

2000

5 027

9 363.2

1.9

1.2

2001

4 984

6 567.1

1.3

0.8

2002

6 018

5 616.2

0.9

0.7

2003

5 511

4 483.5

0.8

0.6

2004

6 432

4 286.1

0.7

0.6

2005

6 029

3 917.1

0.6

0.5

2006

6 562

4 137.6

0.6

0.5

2007

6 648

4 797.0

0.7

0.6

2008

6 767

4 646.0

0.7

0.6

2009

5 737

5 971.0

0.9

1.1

Source:      National Statistical Institute, "Bulgaria 2005", Sofia, 2009, http://www.nsi.bg/

Table 32:   Published newspapers, magazines and bulletins, 1998-2009

Year

Newspapers

Magazines and bulletins

Titles - copies

Yearly printing

Titles - copies

Yearly printing

Thousand copies

Per capita - copies

Thousand copies

Per capita - copies

1998

644

428 430.3

51.9

639

14 121.3

1.7

2000

545

442 570.5

54.2

647

19 149.6

2.3

2001

465

375 244.2

47.2

678

16 999.4

2.1

2002

401

358 423.6

45.5

673

15 184.0

1.9

2003

386

297 687.7

38.1

661

17 034.3

2.2

2004

420

310 500.0

n.a.

770

19 500.0

n.a.

2005

386

297 687.7

n.a.

746

13 665.2

n.a.

2006

446

325 733.1

42.3

778

13 665.2

n.a.

2007

448

338 590.0

44.2

817

17 944.0

n.a.

2008

438

370 789.0

48.6

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

2009

436

355 600.0

46.9

745

11 401.0

n.a.

Source:      http://www.nsi.bg/


Chapter published: 17-02-2011

Your Comments on this Chapter?