COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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In 2009, 39.8% of public funds for culture were distributed at central level and 60.2% at municipal level.

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Bulgaria/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

Table 10:   Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, in BGN, 2009 (budget figures)

Level of government

Total expenditure
in BGN

Total expenditure
in EUR

% share
of total

State (federal)

120 895 800

61 997 800

39.8 %

Regional (provincial, Länder)

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Local (municipal)

183 128 700

93 912 100

60.2 %

Total

304 024 500

155 909 900

100.0%

Source:      Ministry of Finance, National Budget Act; Ministry of Culture, Finance Department, 2009.
Note:         Figures presented in Table 10 include all expenditure of the Ministry of Culture (subsidy from the state budget plus income from own resources). On the local level expenditures are allocated to the municipalities.

Table 11:   Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, in '000 BGN, in %, 1998-2009 (budget figures)

Level of government

Central

Regional

Municipal /local

Extra budgetary allocation

Total

1998

40 461
28.29%

7.2
0.007%

49 935
45.33%

29 051.3
26.38%

110 166
100%

1999

42 679
39.66%

n.a.

58 041
53.94%

6 891.1
6.40%

107 611
100%

2000

49 704
49.94%

n.a.

49 375
49.60%

449.3
0.46%

99 529
100%

2001

49 812
48.91%

n.a.

51 274
50.35%

754.4
0.63%

101 841
100%

2002

53 771
46.53%

n.a.

60 122
52.04%

1 670.6
1.43%

115 564
100%

2003

64 936
44.98%

n.a.

77 122
53.44%

2 275.8
1.58%

144 334
100%

2004

72 855
44.59%

n.a.

88 224
54.01%

2 275.8
1.40%

163 356
100%

2005

89 989
45.67%

n.a.

104 800
53.19%

2 247.3
1.14%

197 036
100%

2006

92 337
42.11%

n.a.

125 286
57.14%

1 633.2
0.75%

219 256
100%

2007

115 053
40.23%

n.a.

166 128
58.10%

4 782.5
1.67%

285 964
100%

2008

138 480
42.28%

n.a.

187 476
57.25%

1 465.1
0.47%

327 422
100%

2009

120 895
39.80%

n.a.

183 128
60.20%

n.a.

304 024
100%

Source:      Ministry of Finance, National Budget Act (adopted on an annual basis), 1998-2009.

As indicated in the Table above, the stable progress of decentralisation as a lasting trend occurs after 1998. In 2009, the proportion distributed between central and local level budgets was 39.80% at central level and 60.2% at municipal level. This is evidence of efforts by the executive power to implement real decentralisation in the cultural financing system after the stabilisation of the Bulgarian economy from 1997, when the Currency Board was implemented as an instrument for fiscal and economic stability. Although funding is nominally increasing, it still remains at a constant percent of GDP. After 1999, expenditure for culture per capita remained relatively stable.

Some of the local authorities started implementing local support schemes for cultural projects. In 2007 the Sofia City Hall attributed for the first time a grants programme for culture by attributing an amount exceeding the subsidy by the Ministry of Culture granted through the National Culture Fund for the year 2007.


Chapter published: 19-05-2011

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