5.3.5 Architecture and spatial planning
Matters related to the preservation of the architectural heritage are addressed in the Law for Organisation of the Territory and the Law of Cultural Monuments and Museums. According to expert opinion, there are some inconsistencies between the provisions in these two laws. The Law of Cultural Monuments and Museums indicates which state bodies are authorised to implement the management and supervision, investigation and protection of cultural monuments. However, the division between their competences causes some problems in practice, for example, one immovable cultural monument comprises of great number of movable ones, which may be under the responsibility of a different administrative body. In the majority of cases, the main problems are linked to insufficient funding. However, the law does not envisage any stimuli, or relief for the private owners of immovable cultural monuments. At the same time, it imposes upon them the duty of maintaining the monument in good condition, assuring access to it and a number of other responsibilities. Directly connected with the issue about funding is also the question about ownership of different cultural monuments. State property receives the majority, while little is left for others. At the same time, there is a lack of specialised state bodies based in the regions, which impedes badly needed site management. This creates some problems towards the decentralisation of cultural heritage management and does not allow for effective usage and potential of local authorities.