COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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A Draft Proposal of the Performing Arts Law was presented in Oct 2010.

 

The Act to Amend the Radio and Television Act is in force since January 2010.

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Bulgaria/ 5.2 Legislation on culture  

Table 6:     Overview of cultural legislation in Bulgaria

Title of Act

Year of adoption

Amended and supplemented

1.  Protection and Development of Culture Act

Official Journal No. 50/01.06.1999

OJ No. 1/2000;
OJ No. 34/2001;
OJ No. 75/2002;
OJ No. 55/ 2004;
OJ No.28, No.74, No.93 & No. 99/2005;
OJ No. 21, No. 41;
No. 106/2006;
OJ No. 84/2007, OJ No 42/09

2.  Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act

Official Journal  No. 56/29.06.1993

OJ No. 63/1994;
OJ No. 10/1998;
OJ No. 28/2000;
OJ No. 107/2000;
OJ No. 77/2002;
OJ No. 73/2006;
OJ. No. 59/2007

3.  National Chitalishte Act

Official Journal  No. 89/22.10. 1996

OJ No. 95/1997;
OJ No. 90/1999;
OJ. No. 28/2005,
OJ. No. 94/2005,
OJ. No. 108/2006

4.  Compulsory Deposit of Copies of Printed and Other Works Act

2000
Official Journal  No. 108/29.12.2000

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5.  Act to Amend the Radio and Television Act

1998
Official Journal No. 138/1998

OJ No. 60 & No. 81/1999;
OJ No. 96/2001 & No. 112/2001;
OJ No. 77 & No. 120/2002;
OJ No. 99, No. 114/2003, OJ No. 99/2004;
OJ No. 88, No. 93, & No. 105/2005,
OJ No. 21, No. 34, No. 70, No. 105 & No. 108/2006, OJ No. 10, No. 41 & No. 113i/2007

6. Film Industry Act

2003
Official Journal No. 105/2003

OJ No. 28, No. 94 & No. 105/ 2005;
OJ No. 30 & No. 34/2006;
OJ No. 98/ 2007

7.  Act on Administrative Control on the Production and Trading in Optical Disks, Matrixes and other Storage Media, Containing Copies or Objects of the Copy and Neighbouring Rights

Official Journal
No. 74 /2005

OJ No. 105/2005;
OJ No. 34/2006;
OJ No. 84/2007

8.  Maecenas Law

Official Journal
No. 103/2005

OJ No. 103/2005;
OJ No.30, No.34 & No. 63/2006;
OJ No. 109/2007

9. Electronic Communications Act

Official Journal
No. 41 / 22.05.2007

 

10. Cultural Heritage Act

Official Journal
No.19 / 13.03.2009 in force as of 10 April 2009

 

11. Public Libraries Act

Official Journal
No. 42 / 05.06.2009 in force as of 6 July 2009

Amended., issue. 74/ 15 September 2009,  in force as of 15 September 2009

12. Act to Amend the Radio and Television Act

Promulgated in Official Gazette, issue 99/ 15 December 2009, in force as of 01 Jan. 2010

 

13. Act to Amend  the National Chitalishte Act

Promulgated at Official Gazette, issue 42/ 5 June 2009

 

Bills

In progress

1. Draft Proposal of Performing Arts Law

A draft has been prepared and presented by the Ministry of Culture for review and comment within the Working Group - October 2010

The Law on Maecenas, adopted in 2005, was implemented to create new opportunities for the funding of culture in Bulgaria. Under the provisions of this law, the state supports and encourages the Maecenas with tax relief, determined in special legislation- the Corporate Income Tax Act and the Personal Income Tax Act. Under the terms and provisions of the Law, the tax base is reduced to 15% in cases of grants. An annual state award was established in order to stimulate this process, which will be administered by the Minister of Culture. Unfortunately, for the past five years, the Maecenas Law has not been a stimulus - it is even a considerable institutional impediment in two alternative instruments for financing Bulgarian culture - donations and the "Art Lottery". The Law is a far cry from the modern innovative forms of donation (e.g. by means of the World Wide Web) making use of some unnecessary and hard to manage intermediary organisations which, according to the Law, are supposed to connect the donor and the recipient. Consequently, nowadays we there are only 19 organisations and 5 individuals officially registered in this Register of Donors (http://mc.government.bg/page.php?p=141&s=232&sp=0&). The amounts donated could be between 50 and 500 000 yearly.

Table 7:     International legal instruments

Title of international legal instrument

Year of adoption, accession, ratification

Entry into force

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention - The Hague, 1954

OJ No. 24/07.11.1956

07.11.1956

Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1999)

Ratification 14.06.2000

 

UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972)

Accepted on 07.03.1974

17.09.1975

UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970)

Ratification 15.09.1971

24.04.1972

Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (2001)

OJ No. 24/23.09.2003

Not yet in force

The Universal Copyright Convention (1971)

Accession 07.03.1973

07.06.1975

Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003)

OJ, No. 12, 7.02.2006, Ratification 10.03.2006

10.06.2006

UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

OJ, No. 97/01.12.2006, Ratification 18.12.2006

18.06.2007

European Cultural Convention (1954) 

Accession 09. 09. 1991

09.09.1991

European Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe (1985)

OJ, No. 13/15.02.1991

Accession 31.01.1991

01.05.1991

European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (Revised) -1992

Ratification,OJ, No. 30/1993

Ratification 02.06. 1993

25.05.1995

European Convention for the Protection of the Audiovisual Heritage and Protocol (2001)

Signature 08.11.2001

Into force 01.01.2008

European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production (1992)

27.04.2004

01.08.2004

European Convention on Transfrontier Television (1989)

03.03.1999

01.07.1999

European Landscape Convention (2000)

OJ, No 94/2004

Ratification 24.11.2004

01.03.2005

Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (2005)

Signed on 27. 10. 2005

Ongoing ratification

Not yet in force

UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage

 

02.01.2009

Audiovisual Media Services Directive (2007)

 

19.12. 2009


Chapter published: 20-01-2011

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