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Bulgaria/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.2 Division of jurisdiction

The institutional and statutory forms of organised action in the sphere of culture include: state cultural organisations; municipal cultural organisations; private culture organisations and mixed cultural organisations. The so-called cultural institutions within the meaning of the Protection and Development of Culture Act, which are state or municipal cultural organisations, are largest in number. Cultural institutions are authorised to determine their own tasks and conduct subsidiary activities, including business. They are publicly financed legal entities and are wholly or partly financed by the Ministry of Culture, and by municipal budgets on the basis of contracts on co-funding of activities in the sphere of culture concluded between the Ministry of Culture and municipalities.

The so-called regional cultural institutions constitute a specific case: they are incorporated, transformed and dismantled by the Council of Ministers on the motion of the Minister of Culture, after a co-ordinated decision with the Regional Governor of the Municipal Council on whose territory they are located. Regional cultural institutions are financed by contributions from the municipal budget on whose territory they are located, target state subsidies, and contributions from the neighbouring municipalities to which they provide services.

Municipal cultural institutions are legal entities with an autonomous budget, which are incorporated, transformed and terminated by a decision of the Municipal Council, in co-ordination with the Minister of Culture. They are financed by the municipal budget.

Private cultural institutions are incorporated, transformed and dissolved upon request by natural persons and / or private legal entities according to the provisions of the Commercial Code, the Persons and Family Act, or the Not-for-Profit Legal Entities Act in force since the beginning of 2001. Private cultural institutions, as well as NGOs, are treated equally with all other institutions and natural persons when competing or bidding for projects and programmes in the sphere of culture, cultural heritage and the arts.

Chapter published: 20-01-2011

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