COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Bulgaria/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.1 Constitution

Texts from the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, which directly refer to the cultural field, are the following:

Article 3  

  • Bulgarian shall be the official language of the Republic.

Article 13

  • (1) The practicing of any religion shall be free.
  • (2) The religious institutions shall be separate from the state.

Article 18

  • (1) The state shall enjoy exclusive ownership rights over the nether of the earth; the coastal beaches; the national thoroughfares, as well as over waters, forests and parks of national importance, and the natural and archaeological reserves established by law.

Article 23

  • The state shall establish conditions conductive to the free development of science, education and the arts, and shall assist that development. It shall organise the conservation of all national monuments of history and culture.

Article 36

  • (1) The study and use of the Bulgarian language shall be a right and an obligation of every Bulgarian citizen.
  • (2) Citizens whose mother tongue is not Bulgarian shall have the right to study their own language alongside the compulsory study of the Bulgarian language.

Article 39

  • (1) Everyone shall be entitled to express an opinion or to publicise it through words, written or oral, sound or image, or in any other way.
  • (2) This right shall not be used to the detriment of the rights and reputation of others, or for the incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of enmity or violence against anyone.

Article 40

  • (1) The press and the other mass information media shall be free and not be subjected to censorship.
  • (2) An injunction on, or a confiscation of printed matter or another information medium shall be allowed only through an act of the judicial authorities in the case of an encroachment on public decency or incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of violence against anyone. An injunction suspension shall lose force if not followed by a confiscation within 24 hours.

Article 54

  • (1) Everyone shall have the right to avail himself of the national and universal human cultural values and to develop his own culture in accordance with his ethnic self-identification, which shall be recognised and guaranteed by the law.
  • (2) Artistic, scientific and technological creativity shall be recognised and guaranteed by the law.
  • (3) The state shall protect all inventors' rights, copyrights and related rights.

Chapter published: 20-01-2011

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