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Bulgaria/ 4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate  

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Bulgaria's national cultural policy priorities include:

  • preserving the cultural memory and historical heritage;
  • creating conditions for development and enrichment of all spheres of culture as factors for sustainable development;
  • designing and adopting an effective mechanism of financing cultural institutions and finding alternative funding forms and sources;
  • improving the statutory framework in the sphere of culture; and
  • preservation of cultural heritage and digitalisation of cultural content.

EU accession as a major general policy objective poses great challenges to national cultural policy. While leading into all-European cultural processes, Bulgaria's cultural policy must, at the same time, strengthen the place of Bulgarian culture in Europe by preserving its national identity and values. Cultural policy aims to support the creation, protection and dissemination of cultural values, as well as to create an environment which promotes and protects cultural diversity, freedom and creativity.

The Ministry of Culture co-operates with other government institutions in the sphere of education, environment, tourism, sports, etc., as well as with numerous NGOs and community associations to achieve these cultural policy objectives. Balancing the interests of national art centres, local government, NGOs and the different professional cultural associations has been the guiding principle of recent policy.

The Ministry of Culture's current concept of cultural policy formulation and implementation puts special emphasis on the subsidiarity principle, which presupposes shared obligations and responsibilities for the common good among institutions and citizens not only and not simply in their capacity as taxpayers, but through voluntary contribution of part of their time, energy and imagination. In the transition period the idea of subsidiarity helps to create a new type of community rather than chaos, as the state eventually relinquishes its leading role.

Chapter published: 20-01-2011

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