8.3.3 Intercultural education
Intercultural education was one of the starting points of a process to define the "end terms" / final objectives of an intercultural policy in Flanders. These end terms, which are minimal targets to be met by each pupil, generally focus on dealing with other cultures and their representatives in a respectful way, in a society which is irrevocably intercultural. The objective is to facilitate the recognition and appreciation of diversity.
Intercultural education is an important starting point, both within the Ministries of Culture and Education. Both departments pay equal attention to this matter, often in consultation with each other. On the regional and local level, intercultural education is a requirement of the provincial and municipal laws and regulations.
On an educational level, intercultural aspects are mostly found in the so-called Cross-subject End Terms / final objectives (a minimal set or targets) mentioned above. These minimal target areas are not specifically subsumed under a subject area, but rather they are spread throughout several courses or educational projects, like music-creative education. These cannot be treated in general terms, however, since each school is free to choose how it addresses cross-subject end terms.
Several examples of (cross-subject) end terms:
Within the compulsory educational system, the Education Department pays specific attention to projects surrounding intercultural education through, among others, the dynamo3 project support (see http://www.dynamo3.be). In this way, art and music schools receive additional financial support to work specifically around this objective. Apart from this, various experimental projects are set up and supported by the cultural cell of the Department of Education, CANON Cultuurcel (see http://www.canoncultuurcel.be). On the federal level, schools can also request project support through Kleur Bekennen (see http://www.kleurbekennen.be).
The programme on "Part-time Artistic Education (DKO: Deeltijds Kunstonderwijs)" is constantly adapting to the changing learning needs. Through temporary projects, alternative training or working methods are tested for a period of time, in order to innovate and augment the range of educational courses offered.
For more information, see our Intercultural Dialogue section.