8.1.3 Grants, awards, scholarships
In addition to subsidies provided to arts organisations, there are also measures to stimulate the creativity of individual artists. Commissions are given out in the fields of music and the performing arts, for compositions and for plays, under certain conditions. Bursaries are awarded to creative artists. The Flemish Community purchases works of art for the collection of the Flemish museums of contemporary art and for its own collection. There is also a purchasing policy for literature. The Flemish Community, provinces and municipalities also award prizes.
In the framework of the Arts Decree, subsidies for artists are a special - and growing - point of interest. Support is given in different ways:
Apart from the funding possibilities in the arts decree, there is an experimental "microcredit" programme ("minitoelagen", or "mini-allowances") which provides loans for professional artists in the context of selected projects.
Scholarships are available for individual artists in the fields of the visual arts, contemporary literature and music. The Ministry of the French Community has an acquisition programme for works of art which are exhibited in the municipal or provincial museums, in art centres and in public administration buildings.
Cinema: direct financial support is provided for script writing and for short, medium or full-length productions. The Ministry also allocates support for creation and production via specific structures and units.
Contemporary theatre and dance: project grants are available for companies not regularly subsidised. Programme contracts are available for theatres. Emphasis is placed on young creators in the evaluation of applications for project funding and co-funding.
Music: in addition to the main institutions in this field, individual practitioners receive specific grants for composing work.
Literature: several awards are presented: quinquennial award for literature; triennial award for poetry, novels and essays; award for a first work; award for translation; award for the promotion of Belgian literature abroad.
New initiatives are undertaken to create and develop artists' workshops, structures (theatre, dance, and cinema) and residencies (mainly for the performing arts, but also for translation) in various cultural institutions.