COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Belgium/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.3 Sector breakdown

Flemish Community

Table 2:    State cultural budget: by sector, Flemish Community, 2010

Field / Domain / Sub-domain

Total in EUR

% of total

Cultural Goods

129 423 628.60

15.43

Cultural Heritage

129 423 628.60

15.43

Historical Monuments

96 699 000.00

11.53

Museums*

20 036 907.60

2.39

Archives

6 193 771.00

0.74

Libraries

6 493 950.00

0.77

Arts

123 764 946.03

14.76

Visual Arts (including design)

4 929 648.36

0.59

Performing Arts

118 835 297.67

14.17

Music

16 667 386.49

1.99

Theatre and Musical Theatre

43 851 531.30

5.23

Multidisciplinary

58 316 379.88

6.95

Media

5 917 476.93

0.71

Books and Press

3 788 588.39

0.45

Books

595 679.39

0.07

Press

3 192 909.00

0.38

Audio, Audiovisual and Multimedia

2 128 888.54

0.26

Cinema**

602 780.54

0.07

Radio

37 968.00

0.01

Television

1 488 140.00

0.18

Other: Cultural centers

579 406 357.06

69.10

Interdisciplinary

579 406 357.06

 

Socio-cultural

11 700 471.13

1.40

Cultural Relations Abroad

9 630 821.96

1.15

Administration

 

 

Educational Activities***

69 604 686.05

8.30

Not allocable by domain****

488 470 377.92

58.25

TOTAL*****

838 512 408.62

100.0

Source:    Algemene uitgaven van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap (2010) – Bewerking Team Informatietechnologie en –beheer, Departement Cultuur, Jeugd, Sport en Media.
*              Museums: including popular culture, cultural heritage.
**            Cinema: including media innovation.
***          Educational activities: non-professional art education.
****        Not allocable by domain: local cultural policy (libraries, cultural centers…), amateur arts, special employment programmes, circusses.
*****      Total: not including sport and youth.

French-speaking Community of Belgium

Source: (FOCUS CULTURE 2013)

The breakdown of spending per cultural function shows the three main thrusts of the policy pursued by the French-speaking Community of Belgium:

  • 35% of total spending goes to the function of creation, 64% of it coming from the performing arts and 31% from cultural participation;
  • one third of total spending (34%) relates to the education function, 85% of it coming from cultural participation;
  • the dissemination function represents 20% of total spending; although all the areas are represented within this function, it is once again the areas of the performing arts and cultural participation that are most strongly represented, with 43% and 22% respectively.

Next come three other functions carried out by the French-speaking Community of Belgium:

  • the production/publication function represents no more than 2% of total spending in 2013 and 49% relates to the publication of works in the museums and the publication of art magazines (Heritage) and 29% music record production (Performing arts);
  • the conservation function represents 4% of total spending, the vast majority of it on library and heritage activities;
  • the management/regulation function represents 5% of cultural spending and 65% of this is multidisciplinary.

However, the contribution to the Committee of the French Community (10 million euro) is part of this function and this area, which inflates the function’s share in the total. The management/regulation function is mainly present in the operating expenditure of the Administration’s services (not covered in this analysis), but also the subsidies paid to associations representing operators.

The average grant to all recipients of the General Administration of Culture amounts to € 90,575. However, the amounts vary according to the areas.

Table 2: Grants from the French speaking Community by field of activity, in EUR

Domain/Function

Creation

Production/ Publication

Dissemination

Conservation

Education

Management/ Regulation

Total

Archives

  1 448 123

 1 258 050

          623 160

             958 660

 287 660

 

2 492 638

Visual arts

65 490 280

31 000

      4 377 259

                 6 250

 

 

 5 831 632

Performing arts

 

      33 750

    25 087 554

 

  497 000

 

 93 599 012

Libraries

 

    847 616

      5 865 139

5 835 139

6 327 162

 

18 058 441

Language

    1 020 602

 

         168 460

 

 

 

    269 420

Books and press

 32 140 665

  2 152 102

       1 115 870

 

 88 800

 

3 104 287

Cultural participation  

 

       28 125

     12 783 719

 

82 228 427

 

128 486 309

Heritage

    2 133 243

 1 258 050

       2 241 352

2 121 845

2 087 118

 

10 802 020

Multidisciplinary

    1 448 123

      31 000

6 636 946

1 387 396

5 611 855

 

 26 108 465

Total
(in %)

102 232 913
(35%)

4 350 643 (2%)

58 899 458
(20%)

        10 309 290
(4%)

97 128 022
(34%)

15 831 896
(5%)

288 752 223
(100%)

Source: Focus Culture 2013, French-speaking Community of Belgium.

Table 3: The average subsidy across the beneficiaries of the General Culture Administration stands at 90, 575 €. Nevertheless, the amounts vary by area

Sectors

Cultural spending

General affairs

Subsistence (including part of the subsidies paid for non-merchant employment)

                        3,412,490 €

Sundry interventions and initiatives

                      22,532,461 €

Cultural centres

                      24,050,439 €

Cocof

                      10,101,000 €

Total

                      60,096,389 €

Performing arts

Sundry interventions and initiatives

                      11,250,682 €

Theatre

                      39,162,330 €

Music

                      33,108,000 €

Dance

                         6,032,000 €

Circus, fairground arts and street art

 1,274,000 €

Total

90,827,012 €

Letters and books

Public reading

17,753,441 €

Letters and books

   3,104,287 €

Indigenous regional languages

     135,000 €

French language

     134,420 €

IT – books

    305,000 €

Total

21,432,148 €

Youth and continuing education

Youth

 46,802,558 €

Continuing education

  52,492,822 €

Total

 99,295,380 €

Cultural heritage and plastic arts

Cultural heritage

  9,500,658 €

Plastic arts

  5,173,636 €

Heritage and creation

  2,427,000 €

Total

 17,101,294 €

Grand total

288,752,223 €

Source:      French Community, Focus Culture, 2013.

Table 4: Breakdown of cultural spending by service

Source:              French Community, Focus Culture, 2013


Chapter published: 02-12-2014

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