COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Belgium/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.3 Sector breakdown

Flemish Community

Table 3:    State cultural budget: by sector, Flemish Community, 2017

 

Budget for Culture
(in 1000 €)

% of total

Transversal budget for Culture, Youth and Media

117 221

 

14%

Social-Cultural Work for Adults

87 748

 

11%

Arts and Cultural Heritage

231 056

 

28%

- Flemish Literature Fund

 

5 946

1%

- Flemish Audiovisual Fund

 

16 718

2%

 - Flemish Parliament Act on the Arts

 

157 193

19%

- Flemish Parliament Act on Cultural Heritage

33 274

4%

Youth policy

42 887

 

5%

Media

350 762

 

42%

- VRT (Public broadcasting Company)

 

271 167

33%

Total

829 674

 

100%

Source:    Departement Cultuur, Jeugd en Media

French-speaking Community of Belgium

The breakdown of spending per cultural function shows the three main thrusts of the policy pursued by the French-speaking Community of Belgium:

  • 35% of total spending goes to the function of creation, 64% of it coming from the performing arts and 31% from cultural participation;
  • one third of total spending (34%) relates to the education function, 85% of it coming from cultural participation; and
  • the dissemination function represents 20% of total spending; although all the areas are represented within this function, it is once again the areas of the performing arts and cultural participation that are most strongly represented, with 43% and 22% respectively.

Next come three other functions carried out by the French-speaking Community of Belgium:

  • the production/publication function represents no more than 2% of total spending in 2013 and 49% relates to the publication of works in the museums and the publication of art magazines (Heritage) and 29% music record production (Performing arts);
  • the conservation function represents 4% of total spending, the vast majority of it on library and heritage activities; and
  • the management/regulation function represents 5% of cultural spending and 65% of this is multidisciplinary.

However, the contribution to the Committee of the French Community (10 million euro) is part of this function and this area, which inflates the function’s share in the total. The management/regulation function is mainly present in the operating expenditure of the Administration’s services (not covered in this analysis), but also the subsidies paid to associations representing operators. The average grant to all recipients of the General Administration of Culture amounts to € 90,575. However, the amounts vary according to the areas.

Table 4:    Grants from the French speaking Community by field of activity

Domain/
Function

Creation

Production /Publication

Dissemination

Conservation

Education

Management/ Regulation

Total

Archives

1 448 123

1 258 050

623 160

958 660

287 660

 

2 492 638

Visual arts

65 490 280

31 000

4 377 259

6 250

 

 

5 831 632

Performing arts

 

33 750

25 087 554

 

497 000

 

93 599 012

Libraries

 

847 616

5 865 139

5 835 139

6 327 162

 

18 058 441

Language

1 020 602

 

168 460

 

 

 

269 420

Books and press

32 140 665

2 152 102

1 115 870

 

88 800

 

3 104 287

Cultural participation

 

28 125

12 783 719

 

82 228 427

 

128 486 309

Heritage

2 133 243

1 258 050

2 241 352

2 121 845

2 087 118

 

10 802 020

Multidisciplinary

1 448 123

31 000

6 636 946

1 387 396

5 611 855

 

26 108 465

Total
in %

102 232 913
35%

4 350 643
2%

58 899 458
20%

10 309 290
4%

97 128 022
34%

15 831 896
5%

288 752 223
100%

Source: Focus Culture 2013, French-speaking Community of Belgium.

Table 5:    The average subsidy across the beneficiaries of the General Culture Administration stands at 90, 575 €. Nevertheless, the amounts vary by area.

Sectors

 Cultural spending 

General affairs

Subsistence (including part of the subsidies paid for non-merchant employment)

                        3,412,490 €

Sundry interventions and initiatives

                     22,532,461 €

Cultural centres

                      24,050,439 €

Cocof

                      10,101,000 €

Total

                      60,096,389 €

Performing arts

Sundry interventions and initiatives

                      11,250,682 €

Theatre

                      39,162,330 €

Music

                      33,108,000 €

Dance

                         6,032,000 €

Circus, fairground arts and street art

 1,274,000 €

Total

90,827,012 €

Letters and books

Public reading

17,753,441 €

Letters and books

   3,104,287 €

Indigenous regional languages

     135,000 €

French language

     134,420 €

IT – books

    305,000 €

Total

21,432,148 €

Youth and continuing education

Youth

 46,802,558 €

Continuing education

  52,492,822 €

Total

 99,295,380 €

Cultural heritage and plastic arts

Cultural heritage

  9,500,658 €

Plastic arts

  5,173,636 €

Heritage and creation

  2,427,000 €

Total

 17,101,294 €

Grand total

288,752,223 €

Source:    French Community, Focus Culture, 2013

Table 6:    Breakdown of cultural spending by service, 2013

Source:              French Community, Focus Culture, 2013


Chapter published: 16-01-2018

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