COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Belgium/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.8 Other areas of culture specific legislation

Flemish Community

Regulation for subsidising the cultural infrastructure with a supra-local importance:

  • Decree Concerning Socio-Cultural Work (4 April 2003);
  • Decree Concerning Amateur Arts (22 December 2000);
  • Decree of 14 February 2003 Concerning the Support and Stimulation of Communal, Inter-communal and Provincial Youth and Youth Work Policy (B.S. 16 February 2006);
  • Decree of 29 March 2002 Concerning Flemish Youth Policy; and
  • Decree of 3 march 2004 Concerning Recognition of and Subsidising of Youth Hostels, Youth Accommodation Centres, Support Structures and the General Youth Tourism Service (B.S. 2 April 2004)

French-speaking Community of Belgium

Cultural centres

The decree of 21 November 2013, which became effective in 2014, redefines the framework and missions of the French-speaking Community of Belgium’s 115 Cultural Centres. What these bodies seek to do is to promote and be the central players in cultural democracy, by gearing their actions to the entitlement that the populations within a territory have to culture. To do this, the cultural centres have to develop partnerships with the various socio-cultural players in their territory with an eye to complementarity and territorial roots.

Continuing education

Decree of 17 July 2003 on action by associations in the field of continuing education (order of 30 April 2014).

This decree defines the conditions for recognition of and granting of subsidies to continuing education associations.

Continuing education is defined as an action aimed at a critical analysis of society, the stimulation of collective democratic initiatives, the development of active citizenship and the exercise of social, cultural, environmental and economic rights with a view to individual and collective emancipation, focusing on active participation by various sectors of the public, cultural expression and meetings between cultures. The decree aims to bring about cultural democracy.

Creativity and artistic practices

Decree of 13 July 1994 on theatre for young audiences.

Framework decree of 10 April 2003 on the recognition of and granting of subsidies to the professional performing arts sector. This decree, modified on 23 June 2006, recognises 5 areas of artistic expression:

  • dramatic art (including action theatre),
  • choreography,
  • classical and contemporary music (including opera),
  • non-classical music,
  • fairground arts, circus arts and street arts.

Decree of 10 April 2003 on the operation of the advisory bodies working in the cultural sector. This decree organises the running of the advisory bodies right across the Culture General Directorate, laying down among other things the rules for the transparent and dynamic operation of the advisory bodies.

Decree of 30 April 2009 on the management of and granting of subsidies to amateur artistic federations and federations representing centres of expression and creativity and the centres of expression and creativity (order of 3 April 2014).

This decree defines the conditions for recognition of and granting of subsidies to the Federations of artistic practices, the federations of centres of expression and creativity and the centres of expression and creativity.

Artistic practices and the creative workshops and activities developed by the recognised associations must be aimed at the prospect of social and cultural emancipation and promote citizen expression and participation in social and cultural life.

Training

A ministerial circular of 16 July 2009 defines the conditions for subsidies for training courses organised by the training operators in the cultural sectors of youth and continuing education.

This mainly means training courses conducted under skills programmes for leaders and coordinators in holiday centres and leaders in homework schools, as well as the four types of ‘BAGIC’ training (the Certificate of Aptitude for the Management of Cultural Institutions) certified by the French-speaking Community of Belgium.

Youth

  • Royal Order of 28 August 1977 to create the Council of Youth of French expression;
  • Decree of 20 June 1980 governing the recognition of and the granting of subsidies to youth organisations;
  • Ministerial Order of 3 March 2004 governing the recognition of and the granting of subsidy to youth organisations; and
  • Decree of 20 July 2000 governing the recognition of and the granting of subsidies to youth hostels, community and accommodation centres and centres of information for young people and their federations.
  • Decree of 14 November 2008 establishing the Youth Council in the French Community;
  • Decree of 26 March 2009 laying down the requirements for approval and grants to youth organizations.

The Youth sector, within the Ministry of the French-speaking Community of Belgium, breaks down into 5 regional bodies coordinating homework schools, 93 Youth organisations, 203 Youth centres and almost a thousand local youth movement groups, plus a hundred or so accredited local thematic movement groups devoting their efforts to serving society within the territory of the French-speaking Community of Belgium.

The continuing education approach is the basis for the youth operators whose purpose is to train what they refer to as ‘CRACS’: Citizens (individuals who are members of the society in which they have a place to occupy and a voice to be heard), who are Responsible (individuals who are informed about their rights and responsibilities, the realities of the society around them and who make informed choices), Active (individuals who are committed as players in society, either collectively or individually), Critical (individuals who follow the news and form an enlightened point of view) and show Solidarity (individuals who build up social ties and make a commitment to others).

Specific support is available to youth centres which provide permanent support for expression and creation by young people (Annex 13).

Moreover, the 1999 decree on holiday centres defines the remit of these sorts of structures, which offer children education and support to help them realise their full potential during the school holidays, pursuing objectives including promoting the child’s physical development by playing sport, games or outdoor activities, helping the child’s creativity and access to culture through various activities involving performance, expression, creation and communication, fostering the child’s social integration with due regard to differences, in a spirit of cooperation and a multicultural approach, and learning about citizenship and participation.

German-speaking Community

Infrastructure

  • 18.03.2002 –Infrastructure Decree.

Continuing Education

  • 18.01.1993 – Decree on the Recognition of and Award of Grants to Organisations for Continuing and Adult Education;
  • 23.03.1992 – Decree on the Award of Grants for the Costs of Staff for Recognised Museums, Creative Workshops, Regional Organisations for Continuing and Adult Education and Youth Organisations, Youth Centres and Youth Services; and
  • 16.12.2003 – Decree on the Promotion of Creative Workshops.

Youth

  • 23.03.1992 – Decree on the Award of Grants for the Costs of Staff for Recognised Museums, Creative Workshops, Regional Organisations for Continuing and Adult Education and Youth Organisations, Youth Centres and Youth Services; and
  • 14.12.1998 – Decree on the Recognition of and Award of Grants to Youth Organisations, Youth Centres and Youth Services.

Chapter published: 02-12-2014

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