2.3 Cultural policy objectives
Cultural policy objectives are based on the principles of political and cultural democracy. Reference to human rights and pluralist democracy is a common fixture of all regulation and policies. Priority is accorded to cultural participation and creativity that are explicitly enshrined in this rationale as well as to the protection and promotion of a tolerant European culture, open to the world, intrinsically diverse and respectful of the minorities that contribute to global cultural development.
Belgium and its Communities have always played an active role within the Council of Europe to such an extent that many of the cultural policies developed in Belgium have closely followed the orientations given by the Council of Europe.
Cultural policy in the Flemish Community is based on the following values:
Core responsibilities of Flemish authorities in the field of professional arts, cultural heritage, socio-cultural youth work and adult work, are:
The cultural policy of the French-speaking Community is built on nine fundamental and relatively transversal axes which include:
In 2005, the Secretary of Culture launches the "General States of Culture", a debate on the cultural policy with cultural key players in the French community (see chapter 4.1)
Art and cultural heritage are two main branches in the area of culture. Whilst literature is a part of culture, libraries and the promotion of reading, cinemas, radio and television and press assistance fall within the area of the media.
The German-speaking Community promotes:
Promotional work is mainly affected by way of subsidies. Further possibilities are holding events (exhibitions, competitions, and readings), effecting or brokering cooperation or the purchase of artwork. A particular stance is taken by the Media Centre of the German-speaking Community, which carries out measures to promote reading, offers media awareness and media courses, maintains a multimedia workshop and produces television programming.