Belgium/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy
2.2 National definition of culture
The national definition of culture, enshrined under the 1971 third constitutional review, covers the following fields:
- protection and promotion of language;
- encouragement of researcher training;
- fine arts, including theatre and cinema;
- cultural heritage, museums and other cultural scientific institutions;
- libraries, record libraries and similar services ;
- radio and television broadcasting (except for the transmission of governmental communications and commercial advertising);
- youth policy;
- continuing education and cultural animation;
- physical education, sport and outdoor life; and
- leisure and tourism.
Successive governmental reforms have had their impact on culture, especially the transfer of new cultural competence from the federal state to the communities in the fields of training (especially artistic education), radio and television advertising and support for the press.
The following powers have been handed over to the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels regions:
- in terms of cultural heritage: monuments and sites; and
- tourism, infrastructures relating to physical education, sport and outdoor life.
Chapter published: 09-03-2012