COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Azerbaijan/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

One of the main trends of social policy realised in the Republic of Azerbaijan during the last years is the formation of the employment policy and advantageous use of the labour force. In 2014, the number of economically active population being increased for 470,5 thousand persons made 4840,7 thousand persons compared to 2000, of which 4602,9 thousand persons are engaged in the fields of economic activity, 237,8 thousand persons are unemployed.

Table 17:  Economic activity of population, 2000 and 2014

Economic activity of population

2000

2014

Total number of economically active population in thsd persons

4370,2

4840,7

 

Total number of employed in summary quantity of economically active population in thsd persons

3855,5

4602,9

 

Total unemployed persons* in thsd persons

514,7

237,8

 

of which: persons received official unemployment status in employment service offices, total, person

43739

28,690

 

of which: receiving benefits as unemployed, total, person

2768

1613

 

Source:    State Statistical Committee, 2015.
*              Based on ─░nternational Labour Organization's methodology (including unemployed persons receiving official status).

The realization of reforms in economy, especially privatization of enterprises and organizations in the state property were the reasons of significant changes in distribution of employment by state and non-state sectors. So, in 2000 if the share of persons employed in the state sector made 33,2% of total number of persons engaged in economy, that in 2014 this indicator was decreased up to 25,6% and the number of persons employed in non-state sector was increased for 1,3 times during this period.

In 2014, 2350,0 thousand persons or 51,1% of the total number of employed population in economy were engaged in production fields (agriculture, fishing, industry and construction) and number of persons employed in the field of service was 2252,9 thousand persons and that made 48,9% of employed population. (Source: State Statistical Committee, 2015).

The strategy of human resources development in the fields of culture and arts are provision for moral and material requirements of cultural workers; perfecting the educational and professional training systems; discovering young talents by holding specialised competitions, exhibitions, festivals, etc. The number of employees in the field of art, entertainment and recreation are approximately 50 000. Table 21 presents the number of employees in some areas of the cultural sector over the last decade.

Table 18:  Employment in selected cultural sectors, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014

 

2000

2005

2010

2014

In public libraries

8 242

7 832

7 607

8 397

In clubs

10 200

8 554

8 195

7 836

In museums

2 226

2 435

3 004

3 173

In culture and recreation parks

388

316

181

173

In children's music, art and painting schools

13 090

14 389

16 581

18 719

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2014; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

The increase in employees in public libraries listed in Table 18 can be explained with structural reforms in these spheres, namely merger and extension of small neighbouring rural branches of Regional Centralised Library Systems and the decrease in clubs – with the establishment of Regional Cultural Centres at the expense of closing some non-operating clubs.

There is no special programme to stimulate employment in the cultural sector at present. This is due to the fact that there is much less unemployment in culture than in other fields. The problem is not so much unemployment as low earnings and the matter of social status for cultural workers, as well as a slight decrease in consumer demand for cultural products.

Table 19:  Number of employees and the average monthly nominal wage of employees in the system of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism (at 2015)

 

Number of employees, in thousand

Average monthly salary in AZN*

In educational enterprises

18.4

221

In cultural-elucidative enterprises

23.7

146

In theatrical enterprises

3.2

220

In concert enterprises

1.8

221

In other enterprises

0.503

470

In total

47.0

187

Source:    The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2016.

Chart 15:  Distribution of the employed population working in enterprises, institutions, by property types and occupation with economic labour activity individually (in percent), 2000 and 2014

Source:    State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Chart 16:      Average monthly nominal wages and salaries

Source:    State Statistical Committee, 2015.


Chapter published: 02-11-2016

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