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Azerbaijan/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.5 Language issues and policies

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan of 1995, "The Azerbaijani language is the state language of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the state provides development of the Azerbaijani language. The Republic of Azerbaijan ensures free use and development of other languages spoken by the population (Article 21)." Russian is considered to be the second most important language and is widely used in most large cities. The share of pupils of state day general educational schools according to language teaching at the beginning of the 2007/2008 school year was 92% - in the Azerbaijan language, 7.2% - in the Russian language and 0.1% - in Georgian.

On 18 June 2001, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan signed a Law on the Improvement of the Use of the State Language. It points out the need for the comprehensive use of the state language and the general use of Latin script. The Law on the State Language of the Republic of Azerbaijan, which came into force in January 2003, prescribes using protection and development measures for the state language. There are no official language quotas in the mass media.

For more information see also  chapter 4.2.4,  chapter 4.2.7 and  chapter 5.1.9.

Chapter published: 02-11-2016

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