COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Azerbaijan/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

Implementation of new information and communication technologies in the cultural field is one of the main priorities of the national cultural policy in Azerbaijan.

Relevant programmes and projects affect the development of new technologies and digitalisation in the Republic of Azerbaijan which impact on the arts and culture.

The "E-Government" project was structured in accordance with the "National Strategy on Information-Communication Technologies for the Development of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2003-2012)" and implemented in the framework of the "E-Azerbaijan" Programme. With the aim of wider use of information communications technologies (ICT) the project envisages increasing the rationality and optimality of the activity of state agencies, increasing communication among the population, business bodies, as well as between themselves, and contributing to better citizen-official relations, ensuring transparency and fully meeting the need for information.

Chart 19:  Interaction with public authorities:

Source:     State Statistical Committee, 2014.

The Project Trans-Eurasian Information Super Highway (TASIM) is a project of regional importance, the aim of which is to lay a transnational fibre-optic line covering the countries of Eurasia from Western Europe to Eastern Asia. The project envisages the creation of a major transit link from Frankfurt to Hong Kong. The line will combine the major centres of information exchange in Europe and Asia. The transit line will stretch through China, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey to Germany. The Reserve North Transit Line will pass through the territory of Russia, Ukraine and Poland.

To accelerate the international IT integration of a country and create new virtual opportunities like e-government, e-trade, etc., a continuous increasing computerisation level of the population is required. On the initiative of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies, with the participation of leading international companies, the implementation of Azerbaijan's "National Computer" project has commenced. Buyers of computers can obtain modern computers without down payments, free of interest and at prices 25-30% below the normal market price; computer buyers are provided with licensed software; concessions are provided to buyers to gain access to the Internet; through the provision of good quality hard and software the buyers can increase their knowledge of computers.

The Order of the Head of State “On establishment of space industry in Azerbaijan Republic and placing into  orbit telecommunications satellites”,  as well as approval of the “State Program on creation and development of space industry in Azerbaijan Republic” have created fertile ground for the development of space industry in the country. Creation of space industry and placing into orbit telecommunications satellites of Azerbaijan, including other multipurpose satellites, first and foremost, are of particular strategic importance in the direction of carrying out work to eliminate the dependence of information exchange from foreign countries and to ensure information security. At the same time it will promote to improve the development of human resources and to enhance the intellectual potential in new economic areas to implement new science intensive projects, which in general, will lead to creation of innovation-oriented economy. As a result, Azerbaijan’s first telecommunication satellite “Azerspace-1” was launched into orbit   on February 7, 2013. Azerspace-1 which is equipped with 36 active transponders provides high quality broadcasting and telecommunication services to Europe, Africa, Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Middle East, as well as high-quality and stable communication platforms for government and corporate clients. A second telecommunication satellite is planned put in orbit in 2017. (Source: the Ministry of Communications and High Technologies).

Table 20:  E-skills, 2005, 2010, 2014

Indicators

2005

2010

2014

Proportion of computer users on courses, in %

56.3

56.4

70,8

Distribution of computer users by use of applied programme packages, in %

 

 

 

Microsoft Word

40.6

86.0

92,3

Microsoft Excel

32.0

50.4

55,3

Microsoft Access

10.0

14.3

18,1

Power Point

6.8

12.2

24,5

other

10.6

25.8

35,5

Distribution of computer related activities, in %

100

100

100,0

copying or moving a file or folder

25.9

21.3

19,6

using a copy and paste tools to duplicate or move information within a document

17.3

19.5

21,8

Using basic arithmetic formulas in a spreadsheet

10.1

13.1

14,5

compressing files

9.8

15.1

16,6

writing a computer programme using a specialised programming language

2.0

7.5

9,0

other   

34.9

23.5

18,5

Distribution of Internet related activities, in %

100

100

100,0

using a search engine to find information

37.6

18.5

17,3

sending e-mails with attached files

31.6

15.0

17,2

posting messages to chat-rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

7.4

18.5

21,2

using the Internet to make telephone calls

-

15.1

16,8

using peer-to-peer file sharing for exchanging movies, music

-

19.0

20,3

creating a web page

-

6.8

6,8

other activity

-

7.1

0,4

Knowledge acquisition , in %

-

100

100,0

educational institutions

-

20.7

27,4

training courses in education center

-

16.5

12,7

vocational training courses

-

6.3

4,5

Self-study using books, cd-roms, etc

-

8.2

13,7

self-study in the sense of learning-by-doing

-

39.5

31,8

informal assistance of colleagues, relatives, friends

-

8.8

9,9

Source:    State Statistical Committee, 2015.

The AzDATACOM network project is the main component of the "National E-Governance Initiative" project, realised by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies in partnership with the UNDP. The AzDATACOM project envisages building a network infrastructure for data transmission with coverage in almost all regions of the country. Expected results of the Project are high-speed connection between Baku and other regions; development of Internet and increased opportunities for the use of ICT in all regions; supporting the realisation of the "Financial Services Development" project (connection of post offices to "AzDATACOM"); development of NGN technology and IP-telephony services; creating the enabling environment for implementation of distance education, e-commerce, distance business management and other types of progressive activities in order to meet world standards; to develop E-Governance, one of the most important elements in building an information society (Source: the Ministry of Communications and High Technologies).

Table 24:  Core indicators on ICT infrastructure *, 2005, 2010 and 2014

Core infrastructure indicators

2005

2010

2014

Fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants

13

16

17

Mobile cellular subscribers per 100 inhabitants

13

16

16

Computers per 100 inhabitants

27

99

107

Internet users per 100 inhabitants

8

46

75

Broadband Internet users  per 100 inhabitants

0.02

15

65

International Internet bandwith per inhabitant, kbit/s

0.04

4.6

35,1

Percentage of population covered by mobile cellular telephone

99

99.8

99,8

Internet access tariff (20 hours per month), manta

5

1.9

1,3

Internet access tariff per capita income (monthly), in percentage

4.5

0.6

0,2

Mobile cellular tariff (100 minutes of use per month), manta

18

7.7

6,9

Mobile cellular tariff per capita income per capita income (monthly), in percentage

16.1

2.5

1,4

ICT development Index**

2.6

4.1

7,62

Source:    State Statistical Committee, 2015.


Chapter published: 02-11-2016

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