COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Azerbaijan/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and debates  

4.2.1 Conceptual issues of policies for the arts

The art traditions of Azerbaijan are accepted as a key part of the country's uniqueness and its future development; they are also accepted as an important part of Azerbaijani society and its people. Support for professional art is directed to the development of theatre, music and fine art.

Theatre

The rich history of Azerbaijan national theatre has laid a foundation for the establishment and development of current day professional theatre. These professional theatres include The Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre, Azerbaijan State Theatre of Musical Comedy, Young Spectators Theatre, Poetry Theatre, Azerbaijan State Pantomime Theatre, drama, musical-drama, puppet and other theatres. The following main duties are determined in the field of theatre art:

  • wide and effective use of state orders for providing the creation of new works with high artistic value in different genres of theatrical art and their presentation;
  • stimulation of the staging of productions in all of the theatres in the republic; organisation of theatre festivals, contests, etc. at international and state level; support for participation in international theatre festivals, contests and other events; and
  • protection of rare theatres; provision of material and creative aid to displaced theatres.

Table 3:    Professional theatres, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2014

 

1990

2000

2010

2014

Number of theatres

20

27

28

28

Including:

opera and ballet

1

1

1

1

drama, musical-comedy and musical drama

15

20

19

19

children and young people's theatre

4

6

8

8

Number of seats in theatres

7 690

9 073

8 733

7 721

Including:

opera and ballet

1 068

1 068

1 072

5 257

drama, musical-comedy and musical drama

6 019

6 894

6 161

5 271

children and young people's theatres

603

1 111

1 500

1 392

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2015; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Chart 3:    Number of attendees of professional theatres, thsd. persons, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2015; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Table 4:    Professional theatres by economic and administrative regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the end of 2014

Economic and administrative regions

Number of professional theatres

Number of attendees, thsd person

The Republic of Azerbaijan

28

727.5

Baku city – total

10

411.6

Absheron economic region – total

1

36.6

Ganja-Gazakh economic region – total

3

91.2

Shaki-Zagatala economic region – total

3

37.6

Lankaran economic region – total

1

26.6

Guba-Khachmaz economic region – total

1

3.9

Aran economic region – total

2

35.3

Yukhari Karabakh economic region – total

4

46.3

Nakhchivan economic region – total

3

38.4

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2015; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Music

There is a big infrastructure in the Republic for the development of Azerbaijan classical music, which has ancient historical traditions, and for holding concerts in this field; there are numerous music-schools and concert salons. The following support is provided to the music sphere in Azerbaijan:

  • regular implementation of complex measures related to the promotion of composers' activities in order to create new music works with high artistic quality;
  • organisation of festivals, contests, concerts in different musical genres and provision of Azerbaijani art collectives and support for participation of soloists in international events;
  • offering all necessary facilities for extended participation of Azerbaijan's regions in local and international musical-cultural projects; and
  • digitalisation of important Azerbaijan classical music examples.

Table 5:    Main indicators of concert organisations activities, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2014 (at the end of the year)

 

1990

2000

2010

2014

Number of concert organisations

10

13

13

14

Number of realised concerts

2 566

1 517

1 061

1404

Number of attendees of concert organisations

994 000

339 000

277 000

452

Per 1 000 population

138

43

31

48

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2015; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Baku Crystal Hall with a capacity of 25 000 spectators and abilities to meet all technical requirements of world pop stars was built in order to host the Eurovision Song Contest 2012; these facts influenced to a rise of attendees in the last years.

Chart 4:    Main indicators of activities of the concert establishments in 2014

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2015; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Table 6:    Main indicators of concert organisations activities by economic and administrative regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the end of 2014

Economic and administrative  regions and towns

Number of concert organisations

Number of organised concerts

Number of attendees,      thsd person

The Republic of Azerbaijan

14

1 404

452.3

Baku city  - total

10

1 098

389.1

Ganja-Gazakh economic region - total

1

204

13.9

Yukhari Karabakh economic region - total

2

-

-

Nakhchivan economic region - total

1

102

49.3

Source:    Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2015; State Statistical Committee, 2015.

Visual Arts

The fine and decorative art of Azerbaijan has an ancient history and is rooted in traditions. The development of modern fine and decorative-applied art is related to the support of artistic creativity and the promotion of creative works both nationally and internationally.

Support is provided to the visual arts in the following ways:

  • publication of books, discs, booklets, catalogues, etc. dedicatee to modern fine and decorative-applied art of Azerbaijan, and creation of related internet sites;
  • support for interesting projects in the different categories of fine and decorative-applied art;
  • holding national and international symposia, festivals, contests, and support for the participation of professionals in international projects and contests;
  • support and stimulation of the activities of talented young people;
  • offering all necessary facilities for transforming picture galleries into art centres;
  • formation of respective art collections, support for exhibition and educational activity of galleries;
  • enriching the collections of local galleries with art works, application of new information technologies.

Chapter published: 02-11-2016

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