COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Austria/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

Participation figures in cultural life in Austria have fluctuated since 2000. An increase is visible in the field of mass media (the number of radio and TV licences etc.). The number of visitors to public libraries has decreased, though loans have remained constant. Visitor numbers to the theatre have hardly changed; in Vienna's private theatres / Associated Stages of Vienna visitors have declined. Visitor numbers to national museums on the other hand have risen by a quarter, numbers for museums in the provinces have also achieved slight increases.

Table 4:    Participation figures, 2000, 2005, 2010-2013

 

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

Visits to federal theatres

1 297 000

1 336 000

1 300 600

1 288 300

1 333 700

1 338 400

Visits to major Viennese private theatres and VereinigteBühnen Wien

1 410 000

1 281 000

1 354 400

1 277 300

1 236 800

1 080 300

Visits to theatres in the Bundesländerand main cities

1 198 000

1 113 300

1 215 600

1 181700

1 159 900

1 172 000

Visits to federal museums, in 1 000s

3 213 000

3 453 000

4 214 600

4 050 800

4 608 500

4 643 500

Visits to museums in the Bundesländer

2 925 000*

1 716 000

2 046 000

2 205 800

2 262 000

2 303 000

Visits to public libraries (readers)

1 120 000

1 098 000

1 132 400

1 202 900

1 121 200

867 400

Loans, in millions

17.1

20.0

21.5

22.3

22.2

22.0

Newspapers total

222

259

262

294

290

293

of which dailies

31

32

29

29

29

29

Radio licences

2 760 000

3 238 000

3 441 000

3 483 000

3 515 000

3 545 000

TV licences

2 710 000

3 075 000

3 252 000

3 265 000

3 331 000

3 355 000

Visits to cinemas, in millions

16.0

15.7

17.3

16.8

16.7

15.8

Source:    Kulturstatistik 2000-2013, figures are rounded.
*              including special exhibitions of the Bundesländer.

Data concerning cultural participation are not collected on a regular basis in Austria.

The last "time-use survey" by STATISTIK AUSTRIA was carried out in 2008/2009. Itshows that people over the age of ten have on average 3 hours 19 minutes leisure time in an average day (5 hours at weekends). Of this, men spend some 1.4% on cultural activities, women somewhat less, although women spend more time than men reading books (2.7% against 1.9%). Above and beyond this, television watching plays an important role: 79.4% (Mon.-Fri.) and 82.6% (at weekends), with an average of 2 hours 20 minutes (Mon.-Fri.) and 2 hours 54 minutes (at weekends). Listening to the radio or to music is comparatively rarely mentioned: 4.7% on workdays and 5.2% at weekend spend approx. 1 hour of their leisure time on this.

The last Eurobarometer survey on cultural access and participation in the EU-28 from 2013 shows a 3 percent decline of participation in cultural activities since 2007. Only 11% of Austrians declared to be highly or very highly engaged in cultural acitivities (compared to 18% in the EU average). However they obtain better results in specific activites: 73% declared they had read at least one book in the previous 12 months (a 6 per cent decrease since the last survey in 2007, but still higher than the EU average of 68%). 59% of Austrians had gone to the cinema (a rise of 3%; EU average 52%), 57% had visited a historical monument or site (+7%; EU average 52%), 42% a museum or gallery (+3%; EU average 37%), 52% a concert (+9%; EU average 35%) and 40% a theatre (-2%; EU average 28%). Visits to the opera were even rarer, as well as visits to public libraries and the consumption of a cultural programme on TV or on the radio. 44% of Austrians were involved in cultural acitivites themselves: 16% dance (EU average 13%), 14% take photographs (EU average 12%) and 12% each sing (EU average 11%) or play an instrument (EU average 8%).

Table 5     Average expenditure of private households per month on selected cultural goods and services (in EUR)

 

2004/2005

2009/2010

Total expenditures of private households per month

2 536.00

2 910.00

Of which total culture-related expenditures

120.80

137.70

TV-, video-, audio-, film-, photo- and information devices

44.00

43.80

Cultural events

33.90

38.40

Of whih cinema, theater, concerts

9.30

14.20

Ofwhichmuseums, zoos

1.10

1.70

Of which TV or tadio license

19.40

19.60

Printmediaandstationaries

37.90

41.90

Ofwhichbooks

10.90

13.40

Of which newspapers and magazines

18.80

20.10

Source:    STATISTIK AUSTRIA, cultural particiption, monthly expenditures of private households 2004/05 and 2009/10.


Chapter published: 02-02-2016

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