5.3.5 Architecture and spatial planning
Regional and spatial planning in Austria is taken care of by the government, provinces, city and municipalities. In contrast to other countries, there is no central responsibility of the government, and provincial laws form the legal basis for regional and spatial planning. Under the constitution, local spatial planning comes under the scope of responsibilities of the municipalities. In the framework of private-sector administration, regional authorities can be active in planning and introduce measures in all spheres. As early as the 1960s, regional planning was recognised as a joint task of the government, provinces and municipalities, which in 1971 led to the foundation of the Austrian Spatial Planning Conference (Österreichische Raumordnungskonferenz, ÖROK)
In 1985, a Decree by the Council of Ministers established a mandatory share for the arts to be included in Federal civil construction projects ("Kunst und Bau") in all provinces: 1-2% of the net construction cost is made available to art in public projects. The selection procedure is decided upon by an expert advisory body. Only Salzburg has changed this practice, in 2008, and introduced a fund for art in architecture in public spaces, with annual funding of 300 000 EUR.