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Austria/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

According to cultural statistics (Kulturstatistik), in 2012, almost 128 000 people worked in cultural occupations, which amounts to 3.7% of all economically active people in Austria. Almost one third of them work in advertising design, 17% in the books and press sector, and 14% both in architectural offices and in the audiovisual and multimedia sector. 13% work in performing and 9% in visual arts. At 40.9%, the proportion of women in the cultural sector was lower than the average for all occupations (46.9%; in 2011, 48.5% of all those employed in the cultural sector were women). It is noticeable that there is a higher educational level in the cultural sector: 85.6% have a school-leaving or university-level certificate (as against one-third in all occupations). Apart from this, there are more self-employed (about one-third) working in the cultural sector than in other sectors (13%).

Differing calculation methods make it more difficult to make statements on the employment potential of the creative industries, which are considered to be the great white hope for the cultural labour market in Austria: thus, the nationwide creative industries report calculates that in 2012 there were around 39 000 enterprises and 140 000 workers in the creative industries, corresponding to 10.4% of all businesses; more than 40% of them are located in Vienna. Producing a value added of about 7.9 billion EUR, the Creative Industries generate roughly 4% of total Austrian GDP.

Chapter published: 02-02-2016

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