5.1.2 Division of jurisdiction
In the field of culture, state policy is carried out by the government. According to the Constitution, the marz (regional) governors realise the territorial policy of the government and regulate the activity of the territorial services of executive bodies. In the cultural sphere, state governance is realised by the state body authorised by the government which is the Ministry of Culture. The responsibilities of this body are determined by the Law on Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation (2002).
In the cultural sphere, the authority of institutions for local governance, the legal, economic, financial bases and guarantees for their realisation, as well as the relations between state and local government bodies are regulated by the Law on Local Self- Government (2002). In the cultural sphere, the responsibilities that are authorised by the state body are determined by Article 22 of the Law on Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation (2002). The Ministry of Culture implements the state policy on culture, participates in the development of educational criteria, produces manuals and programmes in the cultural sphere, creates a unified information system, keeps statistical records for the cultural sphere and the registration of cultural organisations, as well as organises professional training and retraining of workers in this sector.
In the organisation of cultural life in the Marzes, the authorities of Marz governors and community leaders are determined by the Law on Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation. Articles 23 and 24 of this Law ensure that the Marz governor and the community leader ensure the state cultural policy in the territory of Marzes and communities. The Marz governor organises the construction of cultural facilities in the Marz, their preservation and exploitation, and contributes to the restoration and dissemination of folk ceremonies. The Marz governor also has responsibilities determined by the Constitution in the field of heritage protection and use of historical-cultural monuments located in the Marz territory.
The funding for the realisation of these responsibilities is mainly provided by the state budget. The community leader, as a mandatory authority, organises the activity of the cultural organisations created by the community (community and non-profit organisations), including their reconstruction and exploitation of the work of the cultural facilities. As a voluntary authority, the community leader contributes to the development of folk handicrafts, folk arts and amateur art activities. It is anticipated that the financial means for this activity will be allocated from the community budgets however the communities still have no real capabilities for full and effective realisation of the tasks outlined above.