Salaries of workers in cultural organisations remain lower than in education and health.
4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector
In the cultural sphere, those employed work for state and community non-commercial organisations, private cultural organisations, and cultural foundations and are self-employed. In 2006, the total number of cultural employees and artists of state non-commercial cultural organisations, within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture, was 5 231.
There are 34 theatres in Armenia, 16 within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture, 11 are within the community jurisdiction and 4 are private theatres. There are 22 music organisations in Armenia: 11 within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture, 4 within the community jurisdiction and 7 are private organisations. There are 16 dance organisations in Armenia: 3 under the Ministry of Culture, 1 under community jurisdiction and 11 are private organisations.
The number of employees in the cultural sphere, according to the various sectors, is listed below:
There is no statistical data yet relating to independent cultural workers. Some of these workers are calculable via their membership of creative unions; in 2006 there were 2 478 (Union of Composers and musicologists – 125 members, Union of Theatre Workers – 708 members, Union of Painters – 1 092 members, Union of Art of Dance Workers – 50 members, Union of Cinematographers – 171 members, Writers' Union – 332 members).
The average salary of workers in cultural organisations under Ministry of Culture jurisdiction is about 65 000 AMD; within community jurisdiction, it is even lower (the exact data is unavailable). Salaries in the cultural sector though still remain the lowest in comparison with other social spheres. In the education sector, a teacher's salary is 72 100 AMD, while in the healthcare sector the average salary is 68 196 AMD.
The absence of legislation on public services in Armenia means that there is no regulation of employees in libraries, archives, museums, cultural houses, music and art schools, the professions, the system of training and retraining, work admission and advancement, or for payment and rewards. As a result, non-professional workers are now sometimes employed in cultural centres.
Today, cultural management skills are being obtained indirectly, rather than institutionally in Armenia. Several current cultural managers obtained their knowledge either independently or through different international organisations. Currently, cultural management is taught only in the Komitas Conservatory and in the Institute of Theatre and Cinema, whereas other cultural spheres are also in need of managers.
In accordance with the Culture Development Strategy of 2008-2012, the goals for personnel policy in the culture sphere are:
The following actions are stipulated to enhance the personnel strategy: