4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes
In accordance with the Law on Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation (2002), cultural services and cultural products (goods) that meet the cultural demands of the population are considered to be cultural welfare.
When considering state budget programme applications (including applications relating to the cultural industry), they must first comply with the major tasks of the cultural policy.
The illegal usage of audio-video production (piracy) has reached major scales (about 90%). This is an economic crime that causes damage not only to the development of cultural, scientific and educational potential, but also to the organisations of the cultural industry sector. The Ministry of Interior Affairs has formed a specialised unit which investigates the production and circulation of illegal audio and video production. As a result of several raids among underground recording studios and shops, the volume of pirated content has significantly decreased. However, these measures are sporadic and systematic solutions need to be implemented.
Cultural policy is organised through programmes where private and public organisations, local self-government authorities and individuals on contractual stipulations can act as partners. They can produce programme applications which can receive partial assistance from the state e.g. every three years, the Ministry of Culture organises a contest of young piano players (named after A. Babajanyan), where the public organisations are co-organisers (the Union of composers and musicologists, A. Babajanyan Foundation, all-Armenians youth foundation), including the regional administrations and the authorities of self-government.
No detailed observation was carried out yet for receiving information on independent cultural industries.