6.1 Short overview
The state budget for the Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports amounts to 1 % of the entire state budget, which is largely derived from foreign sources. From 1991 to 1994, foreign investments were 14 times greater than domestic resources. In 1996, there was a reduction in foreign funding and an increase in internal sources, until 1997, when national funding was cut in half. However, this time, foreign investment did not rise.
The main multilateral donors in Albania are the European Union and the World Bank, while the largest bilateral donors have been (until 1998): Italy, 14%; USA, 10% and Germany, 10%. During the Kosovo crisis in 1999, 32 cultural projects and different restoration projects of institutions were financed with a total 1 525 854 USD. The Soros Foundation has also provided funding for the arts and culture in Albania via the Open Society Foundation.
The 2011 budget of the Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports is 3 354 104 000 ALL, approximately EUR 24.1 million, or over 29% higher than the 2010 budget (2 594 851 000 ALL or EUR 19.2 million). Culture expenditure accounts for 2 178 583 000 ALL, or EUR 15.7 million, an increase of 35% over 2010 expenditure (1 603 000 000 ALL or EUR 11.8 million). In other terms, arts and culture make up to 0.53% of total central government expenditure. Experts are appointed by the Minister to advice on the allocation of artistic project grants.