Current, state financial support and
volumes of film-making are increasing, although the sector still
faces many challenges.
In 2012, the Law on Libraries and
Library Science was adopted.
The state cultural budget rose
slightly in 2011, following a significant fall in 2010.
New government priorities (Dec 2012):
cultural creativity, cultural industries, protection of heritage and
improvement of the cultural system.
An amended version of the Law on
Croatian Radio and Television is to improve the management
structure but is criticised for lack of independence.
In 2012, the regular VAT rate, which
applies to ‘other’ cultural goods and services, was changed from 23%
Independent sector protests major cuts
in cultural funding in Zagreb, more than other cities.
Personal expenditure on recreation and
culture declined in each of the last three years.
New cultural policy White Paper
proposes policy changes and administrative and funding restructuring
Restructuring of Greek Radio and
Television Corporation will lead to a reduction in state TV and
New Law for the Support and
Development of Cinema Art
Responsibility for built heritage and
archaeology was reorganized and transferred to the Ministry for the
Interior in 2012.
Fundamental changes took place in the
administration of non-profit organisations by the so-called
Act on Civil Society 2011.
The new government has rationalised by
strengthening the position of the state in cultural matters.
Re-drawing the canon of national
culture is taking place.
The Heritage Council has suffered cuts
of 65% in the past three years, with its status now
A Gaeltacht Bill was introduced in
July 2012, redefining Gaeltacht or Irish language-speaking
A new bill proposes the establishment
of a Human Rights and Equality Commission.
Autonomy of national cultural
institutions under serious threat in recentralisation drive and
suggestions of amalgamations.
In 2012, a new Office of Cultural
Affairs was created within the National Public Administration.
A new Law on the Protection of
Cultural Assets has been prepared.
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"
4 broadcasters were forced to change
ownership under legal action taken by the Broadcasting Council.
A new cultural platform has been set
up in response to what is considered as lethargic cultural policy
and standardised or uncritical cultural practices.
Second National Action Plan for
advancement of the social status of Roma women for the period 2011 -
In spite of growing criticism, members
of the commissions who decide on the allocation of cultural funds
are kept secret.
In 2011, per capita spending on
culture increased to 1 847 EUR compared to 1770 EUR in 2010.
A specific law on heritage
preservation is currently being examined.
In order to preserve and highlight its
heritage, the Principality works to diversify and increase the
quality of its museums.
Protests in 2012
over reduction in subsidies for Warsaw public theatres by another
for becoming European Capital of Culture in 2016.
held a strike in May, seeking a specific pension scheme for the
sector and overturning of cuts.
New Pension Law
to be gradually introduced from 2013 raises the age for pensions and
caused some concern among artists e.g. dancers.
on culture and heritage rose by 3.1% in 2011 due to the "Pact for
culture", but local authority spending decreased by 3.6%.
government (2012) will focus on re-nationalisation of Serbian
institutions and on heritage.
The new National
Council for Culture has drawn up a list of policy priorities.
New strict external financial control and procedures for cultural
projects financed by the Ministry of Culture.
New agency took
over responsibility for cultural statistics from the Arts Council in
project (2013-2015) will study how museums influence the perception
of national identity.
volunteering in arts and culture is estimated to contribute 16
million hours, an average of 100 hours per volunteer per year.
In 2011 and 2012
state support to cultural organisations was delegated to regional
governments under advice from the Arts Council.