240 libraries closed in the period Jan 2007-March 2010 due to the
Local Government Reform.
A Centre for Culture and Experience Economy was established to
improve co-operation between culture, business, universities and
Republic: On 1 January 2010, increases were made to both the
base rate of VAT and the reduced rate which is applied to cultural
Republic: All artists must pay pension insurance since 1 January
The Local Government Reform in Denmark has caused a huge debate on
theatre policy and the poor status of local theatres and small city
theatres. Much needed funding has been reduced.
ratified the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible
The judical regime for employment contracts of performing arts
professionals was established in 2008. In March 2010, a new law on
professional qualifications and pension and welfare arrangements was
presented for discussion in the Parliament.
Marino: An Agreement on Radio and Television Co-operation was
signed between San Marino and Italy.
The Museum Law which came into force on 1 January 2010 provides
Switzerland for the first time with a national museum policy.
The Language Law which came into force on 4 December 2009 aims to
strengthen multilingualism and national cohesion.
The Law on the Promotion of Culture has been passed and strategic
aims will be defined for the period 2012-2016 for the
Republic: The National Cultural Policy 2009-2014 has four
dimensions: economic and social; civic; cultural values; and
Republic: In December 2009, the government adopted the Concept
of Romany Integration 2010-2013 to improve equality of
Republic: Several projects on digitalization and accessibility
of culture were submitted within the Integrated Operational
Programme in 2010.
A new strategic plan Culture for All focuses on increasing
participation, especially among the 30% who do not access public
Denmark: The recession and the working
programme of the new government (Feb 2010) imply severe cuts in
municipal cultural budgets.
Denmark: In February 2010, the new cultural
minister stressed that he will work to secure plurality in the arts
Language, cultural heritage, arts and creative and cultural
industries are the main priorities of the Socialist government since
The new INOV-Art programme provides placements in cultural
organisations around the world for those under 35.
In 2010 a Strategic Plan for State Museums was launched.
Marino: New scholarships were made available to support the
participation of young dancers from San Marino in high level
events in Europe and abroad.
Changes to Pro Helvetia board will result from the new Law on the
Promotion of Culture.
Following the interim suspension of the fixed book price agreement,
the Federal Parliament is now discussing its reintroduction.
NEW STATISTICAL DATA
The share of the state budget allocated for culture in 2009 was
Republic: A study of the labour market in the cultural sector
shows the importance of this sector to the Czech
Republic: In 2010 the new Programme of Film Industry Support
will be implemented and is estimated to create 1 500 jobs
in the film industrie and work for 2 500 actors.
In four years, broadband internet access grew in Portugal from 20%
to 46% (2009).
The share allocated to culture in the central budget averaged
0.5% over a period of the thirteen years prior to 2010, compared to
1.1% for local government.
Cultural participation has grown significantly between 1990 and
2008, apart from cinema.
Visiting concerts, historical monuments, and cinemas were among the
most popular cultural activities in 2008.