In May 2009 a new coordination office to support the new generation
of film-makers was established by the Ministry and the Austrian Film
The new National Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation was
Work of National Consultative Committee on Racism and
Interculturalism taken over by the Minister for Integration.
A new DG for the Enhancement of Cultural Heritage will
encourage wider participation in arts and culture and enhance
Italy’s image abroad.
The number of state agencies in the cultural sector will be reduced
from 17 to 11. Several will lose their autonomy, while others will
be amalgamated. Municipalities will gain responsibility for amateur
art, cultural education and some professional art institutions.
A new Ministry of Culture was established in autumn 2009, following
the election of a democratic government that replaces eight years of
A National Council for Culture will provide permanent support from
experts in preserving, developing and expanding culture in
The State Council of the Performing Arts and Music has been created
in the context of the "Cultural Institution Modernisation Plan.
Tyrol is currently discussing an amendment to the 1979 Cultural
An amendment to the Art Restitution Act will be extended to
all moveable federal property, not just federal museums.
The Culture Act is under review for updating by the Culture
Committee of the National Parliament.
The Culture Heritage Act was introduced in 2009 after years
first Electronic Communications Act was adopted.
The proposed new Law on Electronic Media was due to be passed
in December 2009.
The Museums Law was amended in 2009 to provide special
provisions regarding immaterial cultural heritage.
In 2009, VAT on books and periodicals was raised to 9% and on
concert takings to the full 18%.
The majority of the Länder in the Bundesrat rejected the proposal by
Berlin to include culture in the Constitution through the
introduction of a new Article 20b stating: "The state
protects and supports culture".
A new Act on Performing Arts (to be implemented in 2010)
regulates artists and directors employed in theatres and orchestras
and the conditions of access to state subsidies.
There have been suggestions to remove the artists exemption scheme
(from tax), in place since 1969.
A new model of state cultural policy coordination in the regions was
implemented in 2009.
The new Cultural Promotion Act gives the Cultural Foundation
responsibility for the organisation and decision-making functions
relating to cultural promotion.
has ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority
Languages, which entered into force on 1 June 2009.
New Media Law (although passed by Parliament) was vetoed by
the President as some of the regulations were considered as
controversial by the opposition.
The UNESCO Convention for the promotion and protection of cultural
diversity was ratified on 29 May 2009.
A new Law on Culture outlining the reconstruction of the
cultural system will operate from March 2010. Sub laws including for
theatre and self-employed artists will follow.
The draft of the new Act on Cultural Heritage is
expected at the end of 2009.
A draft Ministerial Order (June 2009) is mainly
focused on the regulation of subsidies for the film sector related
to the Cinema Act.
The report of the Committee on Culture proposing policy and
funding changes and a reorganisation of agencies has caused much
debate. A new Bill on Culture due in Sept 2009.
A new Federal Law of Cultural Promotion was proposed to the
Parliament in early 2009, which includes the revision of Pro
A catalogue of measures is being drawn up for the implementation of
the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the
Diversity of Cultural Expressions in Austria.
A Baku World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue will be held every two
years starting in 2011.
The Ministry of Culture and Tourism has declared its cultural
objectives as: heritage, library and museum systems, supporting
creativity in the theatre, music and fine arts fields, national
cinematography and book publishing.
New cultural buildings planned in recent years have been put on hold
due to the economic recession.
The priorities of the Ministry of Culture in 2009 are reform of the
system of art education, safeguarding monuments of cultural
heritage, supporting a positive international image for Georgia and
support for development of the art forms.
An attempt by some Länder to abolish social security for artists
failed; there was broad protest against such plans both from
cultural politicians of all parties and culture and arts
From January 2010, 90% of the most popular lottery game will be
diverted to the National Culture Fund, which will replace the 1%
levy collected on cultural goods.
Prospects for the 2010 cultural budget are dismal, both at national
and local (municipal) levels.
Strong protests were successful in reinstating some of the cuts made
to the Fund for the Performing Arts in the budget for
The budget of the Ministry of Culture in 2009 decreased by 19.45%
(by 34% when EU funds and National Library funding are excluded).
The State Culture Capital Foundation budget was reduced by
of Macedonia: New Strategic Plan 2009-2011 adopted by the
Ministry of Culture.
From 2009, the public funding infrastructure will change which will
have an impact on all types of arts organisations.
As of the school year 2008/2009, all 9 million students in secondary
education will receive a culture card, which replaces the system of
The Congress of Polish Culture was held in Sept 2009 to debate the
role and development of culture involving artists, academics and
Public libraries will receive free connection to the Internet and
will be exempt from license fees for three years under an agreement
signed in August 2009.
The Minister is insisting on rationalization and an entrepreneurial
approach throughout the whole cultural and media sector due to the
The ambitious new plan for culture 2008-2011 may be thwarted by
serious cuts to the budget in 2010.
The Ministry of Culture will create a "Plan for the Promotion of
Cultural Content on the Internet" to supplement future measures
to protect intellectual property rights.
In late 2009, the Historical Heritage Council will review issues
related to intangible cultural heritage in the autonomous
A labour market programme targeted at unemployed cultural workers
was extended from 2007 to the end of 2009 and will then be
The new Study "Creative Industries Switzerland" provides analysis,
derives models and draws conclusions for the current debate in
Kingdom: In April 2009, a single structure was created to
deliver leadership for museums, galleries, libraries and
archives in the English regions, to replace the previous partnership
NEW STATISTICAL DATA
The 2009/2010 budget for art and culture was increased by a total of
EUR 50 million and provides a range of enhanced support
The National Culture Fund has doubled its budget.
Cultural and creative industries valued at 7.6% of GNP and
employment at 8.7% of total - recent research.
Analyses of cultural sector issues such as consumption,
participation, access, diversity are provided in recent studies.
of Macedonia: Salaries of actors and directors in professional
theatres raised by 60%, but other salaries by only 20% despite
In 2009 the state budget allocated to culture will reach 1%, which
has been a target for the government since 2005.
Resources for cultural promotion abroad have grown 55% between
Kingdom: Arts Council England has been asked to cut its admin
costs by 15% by March 2011.
REGIONAL OR LOCAL LEVEL
Linz 2009, European Capital of Culture, (along with Vilnius) has
more than 200 projects and 7 000 events.
Baku is Islamic Culture Capital for 2009, including the hosting of
many international cultural events.
The city of Sofia is the first local authority in Bulgaria to
introduce a grant programme to support culture.
The project Multimedia City (2010-2012) was introduced in Nowy Sącz
- Małopolskie Voivodeship. It will cost over 26.5 million euro.
The regions are establishing new support structures for the creative
industries, a sector which represents 3% of GDP in Spain.
The new Cultural Bonus, to promote access for young people to art
and cultural products and services in Andalusia, is worth 5.87
million euros in 2009.